By Frajzyngier, Zygmunt; Johnston, Eric
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mina
When the cluster consists of a nasal followed by a stop, the nasal may assimilate to the following stop: [munburko] and [mumburko] 'yesterday'. HAB where 'where is he sleeping' An affricate and a stop can also form a cluster, but the only cases recorded involve the reduplication of a syllable: (40) blbicblbic 'all day' No geminated consonants are allowed, except for a geminated lateral liquid. ' mi what -> [ankszami] 3. 1 Phonetic and underlying vowels There are seven phonetic short vowels and at least three long vowels, ii, and uu.
The determining factor in assignment of the polar tone is the last preceding tone as realized in the surface structure, rather than the underlying tone. e. a marker with high tone, the point of view-of-subject marker has low tone. ' (tor 'separate people who are fighting'; 'save') Similarly the third person object marker added to the consonantal root, has the tone opposite of the last preceding tone: (99) ha tdl kd mal ba \vada mamarj 2SG try INF seize ASSC food his mother md d-u REL cook-3SG 'If you try to discipline [children] with food [be refusing food] it is the mother who cooks it' If the object were to be sensitive to the underlying tone of the verb, which is low, the tone of the object marker u would have been high.
These two classes represent inherent adjectives. The third type is similar to nouns with respect to its attributive and predicative functions. To this class belong many property concepts derived through the suffix -ek: kwedek 'white', güzek 'red' (covers the 44 The structure of the noun phrase range of red, orange, yellow, brown), cfelek 'green, blue'. g. about a cloud-covered sky), kuloh 'gray'. The adjective nek 'good' appears to be one of those derived forms. We do not, however, have independently attested base forms without the ending -ek.