Language Grammar

A Grammar of Old English: Morphology by Richard M. Hogg

By Richard M. Hogg

A Grammar of outdated English, quantity II: Morphology completes Richard M. Hogg's two-volume research of the sounds and grammatical different types of the previous English language.

  • Incorporates insights derived from the most recent theoretical and technological advances, which post-date most elderly English grammars
  • Utilizes the databases of the Toronto Dictionary of outdated English undertaking - a electronic corpus comprising a minimum of one reproduction of every textual content surviving in previous English
  • Features separation of diachronic and synchronic issues within the occasionally complex research of previous English noun morphology
  • Includes wide bibliographical assurance of outdated English morphology

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Pl. wini8a occurs at GuthB 1365 (with confusion of minims: the manuscript has altered from ), and winia appears at Beo 2567, beside two Nouns: stem classes 41 instances of -wina in the poem. Also in Beo, Deni(8e)a ‘Danes’ occurs (14¥) beside (-)Dena (15¥). With just one exception, Deni8a could be substituted for all instances of Dena without detriment to the metre, whilst the substitution of Dena for Deni8a would disrupt the scansion in every instance, see Fulk (1992: 243–5). 2 Bammesberger (1990a: 127) maintains that PGmc *-ijdõ would have been reduced to *-jdõ after a light syllable, causing gemination in light stems, with subsequent analogical restoration of the non-geminate.

Sg. sg. 54 for further discussion. 53 There are relatively few nouns which belong to this declension, but light stems like sinu include beadu ‘battle’, nearu ‘difficulty’, s7eadu (beside neut. pl. , cf. 27, although some of the apparently fem. 9n5. , where -w- has been analogically restored, cf. sg. pl. *stdm < *std-um. 72–3). Nouns of the same type include hrbow ‘penitence’, trbow ‘faith’. sg. like *clba ‘claw’, þrba ‘affliction’, with forms of the type claw-, þraw- in the other cases. sg. on the analogy of the inflected cases.

There is variation and fluctuation, however, see Weyhe (1911: 14–49) for details. 98n1. 92). 4 For an extensive list of nouns formed this way, see \ermák (2002: 23–5). 5 A further group of nouns which have by the OE period become associated with this stem class are abstract nouns originally of the Gmc cn-class, such as meni8eo ‘multitude’. 88–90 for details and discussion. 9:1 Nom. Acc. Gen. Dat. ), and cf. Kortlandt (2005). 53). In Kt and Angl, back mutation may apply, since palatal diphthongization does not.

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