By Mario Saltarelli
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Extra info for A Phonology of Italian in a Generative Grammar
For this reason we could not give a rule predicting penultimate stress on words like carretto on the basis that a penultimate short V is stressed in a closed syllable. It seems that type II and III can only be handled in a general way by assigning stress partly on morphological information and partly on vowel length. Rules (A) (B) (C) should take care of these two more common stress types. Rule (A): Assign PS to penultimate in the case of affixes + e t + , + ε 1 + , . . Rule (B): Assign PS to antepenultimate if penultimate is short.
Then the phonological representation for per, con, in, would be as follows: Lex. x' ( [ + P r e p ]X Lex. ]X Lex. ]X Y "+voc Ί) +consJ Y —voc]) [-voc]) per con in Comparing Lex. 2*. But since Lex. 2* seven features is the total economy that the two morpheme structure rules can contribute to the analysis. A more realistic appraisal of the value of such economy is better understood against the grammatical machinery that it requires. 2*, using a total of eight features. It would appear that by introducing those two rules we are still saving features from the lexicon, namely one.
A liquid is non-continuant (/r/) when it precedes another liquid. MS3" Γ+cnsl |_+vocJ [+cnt] in env. , a liquid is continuant (/l/) if it follows another liquid. Since the input as well as a portion of the environment in MS3' and MS3" are identical, the two rules are collapsed into one as follows, with some economy gain: MS3 [ +cns~| +vocJ '[-cnt] in env. , assign [—cnt] to the first of two adjacent liquids and [+cnt] to the second one. By virtue of this rule we can now represent liquids in this particular sequential environment simply by referring to the features consonantal and vocalic.