Language Grammar

Agreement Restrictions in Persian by Anousha Sedighi

By Anousha Sedighi

Contract regulations in Persian is the 1st accomplished try to take on the difficulty of verbal contract in Persian from a cross-linguistic perspective. Persian is a box of analysis inside theoretical linguistics that's but to be sufficiently explored. This ebook adopts Chomsky's Minimalist software that's on the vanguard of contemporary theories of formal syntax, and applies it to the Persian language. even though it is usually believed that during Persian the verb consents with the topic, numerous structures appear to constrain this compulsory rule. Adopting the framework of allotted Morphology, the writer argues that contract is actually acquired with the plural inanimate topics yet a morphological rule may perhaps block the outcome. in contrast to the former analyses which think of the experiencer because the topic of the mental structures, the writer argues that the mental country is the topic of the sentence. The findings of this booklet not just give a contribution to raised figuring out of Persian syntax, but additionally have very important implications for grammar conception.

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For solving the mystery of quirky subjects and the Icelandic person restriction, Sigur~sson (2001) proposes a featural relationship between the quirky subject and the 'finite complex,' namely, Person Matching. As described before, the situation is that the finite verb agrees with the 3m person nominative object and not with the 1ot and 2m person objects. He considers two projections for Person and Nmnber each. He argues the following: (a) the 3m person is not 'true' person and hence agreement for the 3m person nominative object only involves number agreement; (b) the dative subject enters into a default/3m person 'null agreement' with the person head of a finite verb.

24 Anicmacy and Agreement Restriction (47) okkur hefur/*hofum verid kalt UsDat has38 gt*have;p1 been cold We have been cold Sigurasson (2001:85) lll) If there is another argument involved in the object position. then agreement depends on the case of the object. a) If the case of the argument in the object position is in the dative/accusative/genitive, then no agreement occurs. Examples are as in (48-49). Gen (49) Mig van tar penning Me Ace lacks. Default money Ace Ilackmoney Yip et al. e. the 1• and 2nd person nominative objects are not possible and are blocked from the controlling agreement (Sigurasson.

Those in (100-101c), where the subject has clearly become specific, are still worse. This judgment was not supported by native speaker audiences of the Iranian linguistics conference (2005, Leipzig, Germany) who could use all the forms presented in (100-101). The fact that all three options are acceptable indicates that the specificity of inanimate subjects does not 47 Chapter] affect agreement. Another piece of evidence to show that specificity does not affect agreement is presented in (102) in which the plural inanimate subject in lebm-ha (these clothes) is undoubtedly in specific form, yet the verbal agreement is constrained and the verb appears with a default morphology.

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