ASM Handbook Composites Volume 21 by Steven L. Donaldson, Daniel B. Miracle

By Steven L. Donaldson, Daniel B. Miracle

ASM instruction manual, quantity 21: Composites offers a finished, functional, and trustworthy resource of technical wisdom, engineering info and aiding info for composite fabrics. This guide is meant to be a source quantity for nonspecialists who're attracted to gaining a realistic operating wisdom of the services and purposes of composite fabrics. assurance emphasizes well-qualified and valuable info for fabrics that may be produced in amounts and product sorts of engineering importance.

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Extra resources for ASM Handbook Composites Volume 21

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Almost all high-strength/high-stiffness materials fail because of the propagation of flaws. A fiber of such a material is inherently stronger than the bulk form, because the size of a flaw is limited by the small diameter of the fiber. In addition, if equal volumes of fibrous and bulk material are compared, it is found that even if a flaw does produce failure in a fiber, it will not propagate to fail the entire assemblage of fibers, as would happen in the bulk material. When this material is also lightweight, there is a tremendous potential advantage in specific strength and/or specific stiffness over conventional materials.

As a continuous phase, the matrix therefore controls the transverse properties, interlaminar strength, and elevated-temperature strength of the composite. However, the matrix allows the strength of the reinforcements to be used to their full potential by providing effective load transfer from external forces to the reinforcement. The matrix holds reinforcing fibers in the proper orientation and position so that they can carry the intended loads and distributes the loads more or less evenly among the reinforcements.

During the subsequent years, significant government and private investments were made toward research, development, fabrication, testing, and flight service demonstration of composite materials and structures. Parallel programs were also ongoing for the use of composites in military and civilian land and naval vehicles. For example, the development of fiberglass structures for boats and other marine applications was extremely successful and now accounts for a significant portion of composite production volume.

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