By Jan-Henrik Petermann
The finish of the chilly warfare has caused many donors of legit improvement advice (ODA) to essentially realign their international reduction and alternate kin. regardless of fresh development in untying ODA and a few similar efforts to reinforce the general potency of overseas cooperation with the poorest international locations, it continues to be unexplained why a few OECD states have liberalised their bilateral programmes to a substantial quantity – while others have endured to exploit overseas relief as a method to advertise household exports. Jan-Henrik Petermann widens the scope of prior macro-analyses of ‘system-driven’ reorientations in tying practices within the wake of 1989/90, inquiring into donors’ nationwide parameters of policy-making on the strategic nexus among exterior exchange and overseas improvement.
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Additional info for Between Export Promotion and Poverty Reduction: The Foreign Economic Policy of Untying Official Development Assistance
As more was learnt about the development process and the special circumstances of the developing countries, […] it became clear that development did not progress along a linear path first travelled by the industrialised countries’ (Browne, 1999: 5). In a spirit characterised by both growing disillusionment with old prescriptions and confidence in new strategies, bilateral donors and Multilateral Development Organisations (MDOs)10 went off to a fresh start at the beginning of the ‘Second Development Decade’.
3 will provide a discussion of the pros and cons of judging developmental success essentially on the grounds of economic efficiency. 19 The IMF recommended that decentralised bidding procedures be extended in line with Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) so as to upgrade local efficiency and inter-donor coordination: ‘There is also substantial scope for increasing the effectiveness of aid by improving the allocation of aid across countries, aligning aid with national development strategy and priorities […] and harmonising donor policies and practices around the recipient country’s own systems’ (IMF/World Bank, 2004: 15).
32 Introduction questioning the utility of ODA ever since the first programmes were implemented after the Second World War (Cordella/dell’Ariccia, 2002: 5), the OECD took the lead in outlining ways and means to make bilateral aid relationships more poverty-focused and less clientelistic (Lagon, 1992: 43). In May 2001, the DAC’s Recommendation on Untying Official Development Assistance called upon Northern donors to gradually phase out formal tying requirements in their ODA budgets. It was hoped that this large-scale initiative would catalyse new attempts to replace tied aid with open bidding and procurement procedures, thus improving the economic efficiency and political ownership7 of development projects at the same time (OECD/DAC, 2001a).