By Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Ajay Singh
Various kinds of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes characterize precious source fabrics for constructing exchange strength as biofuels and different price further items resembling sugars, phenols, furans, natural acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed and so on. even though, if now not controlled correctly, waste materials and environmental contaminants generated by way of a variety of industries akin to nutrients and feed, pulp and paper and cloth could lead on to critical environmental toxins. The strength, foodstuff and feed call for necessitate constructing uncomplicated and economically practicable applied sciences for environmental administration and source restoration. Microorganisms and their enzymes give a contribution considerably in usage of plant residues, source restoration and finally in pollutants mitigation.
“Biotechnology for Environmental administration and source restoration” provides a complete evaluation of chosen learn themes in a compendium of sixteen chapters with regards to environmental pollutants keep an eye on and constructing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem administration and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper and so forth. This e-book offers a precious source for reference and textual content fabric to graduate and postgraduate scholars, researchers, scientists operating within the region of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental technology and engineering.
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Additional info for Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery
Chemosphere 67:839–846 Chen J, Fales SL, Varga GA, Royse DJ (1995) Biodegradation of cell wall components of maize stover colonized by white-rot fungi and resulting impact on in vitro digestibility. J Sci Food Agric 68:91–98 Chen S, Ge W, Buswell JA (2004) Biochemical and molecular characterization of a laccase from the edible straw mushroom, Volvariella volvacea. Europian. J Biochem 271:318–328 Chesson A (1981) Effects of sodium hydroxide on cereal straws in relation to the enhanced degradation of structural polysaccharides by rumen microorganisms.
4 Laccase-catalyzed redox cycles for substrates oxidation in the absence (a) or in the presence (b) of mediator (Modified from Kunamneni et al. 2008) but also phenolic and nonphenolic aromatic compounds including dyes. It has been suggested that VPs can oxidize substrate spanning a wide range of potentials, including low- and highrange potentials (Dashtban et al. 2010). This is a result of their hybrid molecular structures which provide multiple binding sites for the substrates (Camarero et al.
Promoter regions of LiP or MnP genes studied so far contain cAMP response elements (CRE) to notice starvation. Aside from starvation, the presence of Mn 2+ is essential for MnP gene expression in 1 Microorganisms and Enzymes Involved in Lignin Degradation Vis-à-vis Production… P. chrysosporium and Dichomitus squalens (Périé and Gold 1991; Brown et al. 1991). The observation is in agreement with the general finding that elevated manganese levels are beneficial for the production of MnP in many white-rot fungi.