Changing Trends in Antarctic Research (Environment & by A. Elzinga

By A. Elzinga

This publication supplies an replace at the swiftly altering occasions surrounding the creation of an environmental safety regime in Antarctica. It takes up the ancient history, in addition to the function of technological know-how as a automobile for political motion. specifically it lines the shift of political agendas in terms of Antarctica, and the adjustments this has wrought in study instructions. The ebook brings jointly discussions from a symposium held on the collage of G?teborg in Sweden, the place a different interplay among scientists, learn directors and philosophers of technological know-how homed in at the implications for technological know-how that circulate from the shift in the direction of an environmentalist concentration in Antarctica. it's argued that altering developments in Antarctic study needs to be understood bifocally, i.e. with reference either to political alterations and epistomological concerns. This locations the publication squarely in various discourses, one within the social stories of technology and know-how, with designated connection with technological know-how coverage, and the opposite in environmental reviews, with distinctive connection with Antarctica. A accomplished index is incorporated.

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It coordinated work done in many different disciplines, but the ultimate objective has been the management of living resources which are and may in future be commercially exploited. Concluding Remarks When the Antarctic Treaty came into effect in I96I the focus was on peaceful uses of the continent and international scientific cooperation. This is still the case today, although various pressures have increased, reflecting first economic and then environmental motives. This has led to the introduction of a couple of management concepts challenging the present AT-regime.

This means that intemal rivalries between different schools and between academic and "hybrid" communities may become acute. SCAR'S Double Role The division between basic or curiosity motivated and strategic research is reflected in SCAR'S committee structure. On the one hand SCAR, as a member organization of ICSU, facilitates information exchange, communication and encourages cooperation in Antarctic research programs. On the other hand, on its own initiative or by request, it interacts with the AT system and provides important input to its meetings.

The Northern Engineer 9, 26-31. 4. Further development of the idea of institutional motives is found in Bohlin, I. Ompolatforskning (se ref. in Preface above p ix). 5. In a recent paper, Willy 0streng gives a very interesting description of the rationale for scientific cooperation in the polar regions, based on the concepts of symbolical and practical utility of science which I. Bohlin has developed in the articles cited in notes 4, 21 and 22. 0streng, W. Polar Science and Politics Close Twins or Opposite Poles in International Cooperation.

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