By Jonathan Simon
This ebook explores the heritage of pharmacy in France and its courting to the self-discipline of chemistry because it emerged at the start of the 19th century. It argues that an appreciation of the historical past of pharmacy is key to a whole figuring out of the structure of contemporary technology, particularly the self-discipline of chemistry. As such, it presents a unique interpretation of the chemical revolution (c.1770-1789) that may, doubtless, generate a lot debate at the position of the chemical arts during this tale, a question that has hitherto lacked adequate scholarly mirrored image. in addition, the ebook situates this research in the broader context of the French Revolution, arguing that an intimate and direct hyperlink could be drawn among the political upheavals and our imaginative and prescient of the chemical revolution. the tale of the chemical revolution has often been informed through concentrating on the small staff of French chemists who championed Lavoisier's oxygen concept, in any other case his rivals. any such viewpoint emphasises competing theories and interpretations of severe experiments, yet neglects the tough factor of who will be understood as working towards chemistry within the eighteenth century. by contrast, this examine lines the culture of pharmacy as a certified pursuit that depended on chemical innovations to arrange medicinal drugs, and indicates how one of many significant parts of the chemical revolution was once the kind of wakeful disassociation of the recent chemistry from this historic chemical artwork.
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Extra info for Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809
Were not Scheele's sublime discoveries a subject for reproach on the part of two consecutive masters? 35 34 .... ' . 35 'Si lorsque, prenant un vol plus hardi et passant de l'art utile de faire des préparations médicamenteuses a la mission sublime d'expliquer les plus grands phénomènes de la nature, elle a paru abandonner sa première origine pour se confondre avec la Physique, si on l'a vu renoncer au sein de sa nourrice, ne dissimulons pas que celle-ci n'a pas eté sans quelques torts a son egard.
What courage, what conviction did the young chemists need in order to stay faithful to [the subject] when even their masters kept clear of the study of chemistry? Were not Scheele's sublime discoveries a subject for reproach on the part of two consecutive masters? 35 34 .... ' . 35 'Si lorsque, prenant un vol plus hardi et passant de l'art utile de faire des préparations médicamenteuses a la mission sublime d'expliquer les plus grands phénomènes de la nature, elle a paru abandonner sa première origine pour se confondre avec la Physique, si on l'a vu renoncer au sein de sa nourrice, ne dissimulons pas que celle-ci n'a pas eté sans quelques torts a son egard.
I want now to return to the task of giving an impression of the distance that pharmacy travelled over the lifetime of the College of Pharmacy, the almost twenty years from 1777 to 1796. As I said, I will do this by offering a comparison of two inaugural ceremonies. The first took place in the summer of 1777, and celebrates the royal founding of the College de pharmacie de Paris, while the second, from 9 Law reproduced in Alfred de Beauchamp, Médecine et pharmacie, projets de lois, Paris, 1888. Vol.