By Dan Braha, Ali A. Minai, Yaneer Bar-Yam
Contemporary advances in technology and expertise have resulted in a speedy increasein the complexity of so much engineered platforms. in lots of outstanding cases,this switch has been a qualitative one instead of in simple terms one in all magnitude.A new category of complicated Engineered structures (CES) has emerged as a resultof applied sciences similar to the web, GPS, instant networking, micro-robotics, MEMS, fiber-optics and nanotechnology. those advanced engineered structures are composed of many heterogeneous subsystems and are characterised by means of observable advanced behaviors that turn out to be as a result of nonlinear spatio-temporal interactions one of the subsystems at a number of degrees of association and abstraction. Examples of such platforms contain the World-Wide internet, air and floor site visitors networks, disbursed production environments, and globally disbursed provide networks, in addition to new paradigms similar to self-organizing sensor networks, self-configuring robots, swarms of self sustaining airplane, clever fabrics and constructions, and self-organizing desktops. realizing, designing, development and controlling such complicated platforms goes to be a principal problem for engineers within the coming many years.
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