By Lawrence C. Bank
The 1st textbook at the layout of FRP for structural engineering applicationsComposites for development is a different advisor to figuring out fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) and designing and retrofitting constructions with FRP. Written and arranged like conventional textbooks on metal, concrete, and wooden layout, it demystifies FRP composites and demonstrates how either new and retrofit building initiatives can specially take advantage of those fabrics, similar to offshore and waterfront buildings, bridges, parking garages, cooling towers, and commercial buildings.The code-based layout directions featured during this e-book permit for established purposes to right away be applied within the actual global. coated codes and layout directions comprise ACI 440, ASCE Structural Plastics layout handbook, EUROCOMP layout Code, AASHTO necessities, and manufacturer-published layout publications. systems are supplied to the structural clothier on the best way to use this mix of code-like files to layout with FRP profiles.In 4 handy sections, Composites for development covers:* An advent to FRP purposes, items and houses, and to the tools of acquiring the attribute houses of FRP fabrics to be used in structural layout* The layout of concrete structural individuals strengthened with FRP reinforcing bars* layout of FRP strengthening platforms resembling strips, sheets, and materials for upgrading the power and ductility of bolstered concrete structural individuals* The layout of trusses and frames made completely of FRP structural profiles produced through the pultrusion technique
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Additional resources for Composites for Construction: Structural Design with FRP Materials
Strengthening of timber structures, primarily glulam (glue-laminated) beams, with FRP strips and manufacturing of glulam beams containing FRP layers to increase strength at the outer ﬁbers has been used since the early 1990s. , 1997). Strengthening systems are designed on a case-by-case basis according to standard mechanics principles and bonded adhesively to the timber member. Mechanical fasteners such as lag bolts are often used also. Due to moisture in the wood, the choice of adhesive is critical, and differential thermal and moisture expansion between the FRP layers and the wood lamina can cause signiﬁcant problems.
Due to the significant decrease in dead weight of the structure, the live-load capacity for the re-decked structure can be increased, which may be beneﬁcial, especially on bridges with load postings. , 2002). As with FRP frame systems, the connections between the prefabricated FRP deck panels and those between the FRP deck and the superstructure have been sources of the greatest difﬁculty in realizing this technology. The high cost of glass FRP decks compared with conventional concrete decks does not appear to be able to offset savings in weight and construction productivity.
1997). Strengthening systems are designed on a case-by-case basis according to standard mechanics principles and bonded adhesively to the timber member. Mechanical fasteners such as lag bolts are often used also. Due to moisture in the wood, the choice of adhesive is critical, and differential thermal and moisture expansion between the FRP layers and the wood lamina can cause signiﬁcant problems. At this time, code guidance is not available for FRP-strengthened timber structures. Retroﬁtting of metallic structures has recently attracted some interest in the structural engineering community.