By Johanna Mattissen
Dependent-Head Synthesis in Nivkh has been offered a prize of the Offermann-Hergarten Donation on the college of Cologne in 2004. The endowments are granted for extraordinary leading edge and comprehensibly documented research.This e-book bargains an leading edge method of 3 interlaced subject matters: a scientific research of the morphosyntatic association of Nivkh (Paleosiberian); a cross-linguistic research of advanced noun varieties (parallel to advanced (polysynthetic) verb forms); and a typology of polysynthesis. Nivkh (Gilyak) is linguistically notable due to its hugely advanced notice varieties, either verbs and nouns. they're shaped productively from advert hoc concatenation of lexical roots in based — head kinfolk with out additional morphological marking: basic item — predicate, characteristic - noun, noun — relational morpheme ("adposition"). After an in-depth exam of the wordhood of such complexes the morphological kind of Nivkh is explored opposed to the history of polysynthesis, noun incorporation, verb root serialization, noun complexes and head/dependent marking. For this goal, a brand new delimitation and type of polysynthesis is proposed at the foundation of an evaluate of seventy five languages. in addition to contributing to a reconciliation of earlier diametrically adversarial ways to polysynthesis, this research demanding situations a few universal preconceived notions with appreciate to how languages "should be".
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Additional resources for Dependent-Head Synthesis in Nivkh: A Contribution to a Typology of Polysynthesis
Morphemes containing a consonant cluster with PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOPHONEMICS 37 /y/ or /ʁ/ preceding another consonant have two allomorphs in free variation: one with /y/ or /ʁ/, and one without these sounds but compensatory lengthening of the vowel originally preceding the cluster (cf. Panfilov 1962:12). (3) (Panfilov 1962:12) hays ~ hās "clothing" ţiyr ~ţīr -aʁr ~ -ār "even" əyrḍ ~ ərḍ taʁs ~ tās "embroidery" t'uyr ~ t'ūr oyr~ōr "salmon colon" muyf~mūf oʁla ~ ōla "child" "wood" "sth. is black" "fire" "day" The lengthened vowel variant seems to be preferred.
Grow-place") (als)-tam-la-f "place where there are a lot of (berries)" muyv-dt-f "midday sun position" (lit. "day-begin-place") c. -ŋ, -n NML puf "saw" (ES:p'ufŋ;fuv- "to saw") әs "master" (ES: әzŋ; -әz- "call") umlaŋ "snake" (ES; umla- "malicious") әkәn "elder brother" (ekә- "senior to") (57) a. noun → verb derivation (Panfilov 1965:14, 16, 35, Savel'eva/Taksami 1970) -aturk-әt-ţ "night falls" parv-әt-ţ "evening begins" t'ulv-әt-ţ "winter begins" b. o. makes sth. o. o. o. sets sail" c. (< k'e "net") (< kәj "sail") INTRODUCTION d.
The general con verb suffix forms a special converb with the otherwise non-occurring suffix -vu-, namely -vut (1s, p1) / -vur (2s, 3s), which is used as the predicate form of complements of verbs of communication. Two aspectoid categories which are used in embedded clauses only occur on the general converb, yielding the dynamic continuative converb -durŋu-t/ -durŋu-r "while V-ing" and the stative continuative converb -data-t/-data-r "in the state of being V-ed". Also the "lest'-suffix is used with this converb as -ilәkr-t/-ilәkr-r.