Environmental Engineering

Earthquake Hazard Impact and Urban Planning by Maria Bostenaru Dan

By Maria Bostenaru Dan

​The classical box facing earthquakes is termed “earthquake engineering” and thought of to be a department of structural engineering. In initiatives facing suggestions for earthquake chance mitigation, city making plans techniques are frequently overlooked. this day interventions are wanted on a urban, instead of a construction, scale. This paintings bargains with the influence of earthquakes, together with additionally a broader view on multihazards in city components. Uniquely between different works within the box, specific significance is given to city making plans matters, in conservation of history and emergency administration. Multicriteria selection making and wide participation of these laid low with mess ups are included.

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Romanian Academy Publishing House, Bucharest S˘andulescu M (1984) Geotectonics of Romania (in Romanian). Editura Tehnica, Bucuresti Scherbaum F, Kuehn N, Zimmerman B (2010) Earthquakes focal mechanism from Wolfram demonstration. com Trifu CI, Radulian M (1991) Depth-magnitude catalogue of Vrancea intermediate depth microearthquakes. Rev Roum Geophys 35:31–45 Visarion M, S˘andulescu M, Gragoescu I, Dr˘aghici M, Cornea I, Popescu M (1977) Map of recent crustal vertical movements in Romania, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Bucharest Visarion M (1998) Gravity anomalies on the Romanian territory.

1998). The reflection seismic surveys carried out for oil exploration in the Bucharest area depicted in the sedimentary cover a regional northward deepening monocline, affected by regional longitudinal normal faults trending E–W: Petre¸sti-Corbii Mari, Cartojani-Ileana, Fundeni-Harle¸sti, Videle-Vidra (Paraschiv 1979). It was recently considered that in the Bucharest area the intersection of two major strike-slip systems are responsible for the active tectonics and high seismicity. Important wrench zones occur south of Bucharest, involving the Dobreni and Danube faults (Rabagia et al.

Such faults can be considered as active or capable faults crossing Quaternary sedimentary deposits. 2. The earthquake epicenters scattered within the city area may be associated with NE–SW prolongations of Vrancea type active faults, with active segments of NW– SE faults related to the river courses (Colentina, Dâmbovi¸ta, Arge¸s) or active/capable segments of the N–S fault system. The R˘acari-Cartojani seismic lineament of ‘Vrancean’ trending, represents an active segment of a regional NE–SW fault, limited by two NW–SE fault lines.

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