Animals

Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles, Second Edition by D. W. Sparling

By D. W. Sparling

Building at the good fortune of its well known predecessor, the second one variation of Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles offers newly to be had findings at the species which are vital environmental signs. This re-creation covers approximately two times as many subject matters because the first, together with fresh advancements within the ecotoxicology of amphibians and reptiles, the present prestige of those animals, and intrinsic components that have an effect on their susceptibility to contaminants. The publication additionally offers the newest details on particular teams of contaminants and their results and physique burdens in herpetafauna. After a overview of the way contaminants engage with different ecological components, the textual content explores issues for the longer term.

New within the moment edition:

  • New examine at the results of insecticides, heavy metals, endocrine disrupting chemical compounds, and UVB
  • Increased specialise in the consequences of contaminants instead of in basic terms reporting residue information
  • A synthesis of knowledge on atrazine and its results on gonads at low concentrations
  • Coverage of the doubtless alarming new cadre of chemical substances that experience lately or are approximately to come back out there for which there's little or no or no information
  • Important advances in surveying and monitoring

One of the key components at the back of the writing of the 1st variation was once the global phenomenon of declining amphibian populations. even if this decline has no longer abated, the breadth of analysis into its reasons has multiplied considerably. With bankruptcy participants conscientiously chosen by way of the staff of editors as leaders of their fields, this booklet presents an authoritative compendium of the newest details on results and residues coupled with a syntheses of what those numbers suggest to technology and coverage.

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Additional resources for Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles, Second Edition

Example text

Jagoe et al. 1998; Guillette et al. 1999, 2000), alligators contribute the majority of studies under Crocodylia, and many of these papers have been on endocrine disruption and persistent organic pollutants. Freshwater turtles, especially common snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina), would be next in importance, followed by sea turtles and Squamata (lizards). Contaminant papers on Serpentes (snakes) are uncommon. The preference for snapping turtles is probably due to their large size, relatively high visibility and capture rates, widespread distribution, long lifespan, and bottom dwelling; hence, they have ample opportunity to assimilate and accumulate persistent organic pollutants and metals and are easily studied.

Over the past few years efforts led by the US Geological Survey’s Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative have greatly improved methods for monitoring and enumerating amphibian populations. Because many contaminant-related field studies rely on some form of surveying, Chapter 17 quickly encapsulates the most important advances for surveying and monitoring. The final chapter, or epilogue, is the editors’ almost random thoughts on what we learned during the development of this book and where we believe the science of ecotoxicology of amphibians and reptiles should be heading.

Habitat quality at multiple scales, within breeding sites and terrestrial sites, affects population density of European palmate newts (Triturus helveticus; Denoel and Lehmann 2006), and at least some amphibian species show distinct thresholds for habitat variables or combinations of variables at which density or occupancy changes abruptly (Denoel and Ficetola 2007). Homan et al. (2004) showed that threshold densities of forest cover vary depending on distance from breeding site for a frog (Rana sylvatica) and a salamander (Ambystoma maculatum); both species required substantial cover at relatively great distances from breeding sites (1 km).

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