Agriculture

Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits by T. K. Lim

By T. K. Lim

This e-book keeps as quantity 6 of a multi-compendium on safe to eat Medicinal and Non-Medicinal crops. It covers fit to be eaten fruits/seeds used clean, cooked or processed into different by-products, or as greens, cereals, spices, stimulant, fit for human consumption oils and drinks. It covers chosen species from the next households: Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, Schisandraceae, Solanaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Urticaceae, Vitaceae and Winteraceae. This paintings may be of vital curiosity to scientists, researchers, clinical practitioners, pharmacologists, ethnobotanists, horticulturists, nutrition nutritionists, agriculturists, botanists, conservationists, academics, scholars and most people. issues lined comprise: taxonomy; common/English and vernacular names; foundation and distribution; agroecology; fit to be eaten plant components and makes use of; botany; nutritive and pharmacological houses, medicinal makes use of and study findings; nonedible makes use of; and chosen references.

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Flav Fragr J 11(4):223–229 Lepisanthes alata Scientific Name Origin/Distribution Lepisanthes alata (Blume) Leenh. The species is indigenous to southeast Asia – Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak, and Sabah in Malaysia; Kalimantan and Java in Indonesia and the Philippines (Plate 5). It is commonly cultivated in villages and house gardens in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia in the states of Terengganu, Pahang and Johore. Synonyms Capura alata (Blume) Teijsm. C. Fischer. Agroecology Family Sapindaceae Lepisanthes alata is strictly a tropical species that occurs wild along rivers, streams in the humid, lowland tropical forests up to 500 m elevation.

Dimocarpus longan malesianus (ripe fruit peels and leaves) extracts at a dose of 100 mg/mL exhibited xanthin oxidase inhibitory activity (Azmi et al. 2012). 88% inhibition receptively. Xanthine oxidase (XO) is an enzyme responsible for catalysing the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and of xanthine to formation of uric acid (Owen and Johns 1999; Ramallo et al. 2006). The treatment of gout involves the use of therapeutic agents such as xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) which acts by blocking the biosynthesis of uric acid from purine in the body (Unno et al.

Longan flower extract (LFE) (25–400 mg/ mL) inhibited proliferation of two colorectal cancer cell lines, SW-480 and Colo 320DM in a dose- and time-dependent manner by inducing S phase arrest of the cell cycle (Hsu et al. 2010). An apoptotic mechanism induced by LFE involving a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase 3 activation was found in Colo 320DM cells but not in SW480 cells. 2 mg/mL (Rangkadilok et al. 2007) and may have potential as a new natural skin-whitening agent. Yang et al.

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