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Encyclopedia of science, technology, and ethics by Carl Mitcham

By Carl Mitcham

The Encyclopedia of technological know-how, expertise, and Ethics has had a number of origins. It used to be while contributing a piece of writing at the philosophy of expertise to the pioneering first version of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics (1978), that i started to dream of a extra common encyclopedic creation to problems with expertise and ethics. encouraged via the point of view of students as various as Jacques Ellul and Hans Jonas, bioethics seemed in simple terms a part of a complete have to grapple intellectually with the more and more technological international during which we are living. this concept used to be pursued in a state-of-the-field bankruptcy on ‘‘Philosophy of Technology’’ in A consultant to the tradition of technology, expertise, and drugs (1980) edited by means of considered one of my mentors, Paul T. Durbin. hence whilst Stephen G. submit, the editor of the 3rd version of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics (2004), advised to Macmillan the assumption of a extra common ‘‘Encyclopedia of Technoethics,’’ with me as capability editor, i used to be primed to be enthusiastic— even if I additionally argued that the sector should still now be improved to incorporate ethics when it comes to either technological know-how and expertise.

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of science, technology, and ethics

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This is the explanation for the existence of deserts worldwide, but for many people concerned with science, technology, and ethics the term desertification has a different meaning: Desertification is the degradation of productive drylands, including the Savannas of Africa, the Great Plains and the Pampas of the Americas, the Steppes of Asia, the ‘‘outback’’ of Australia and the margins of the Mediterranean. Desertification is occurring to such a degree that some lands can no longer sustain life (Middleton and Thomas 1997, p.

In addition, the government employs numerous technical specialists in various agencies and national laboratories. In addition, the federal government utilizes many advisory committees made up of scientists and engineers from outside the government. Numerous agencies have such advisory committees and the White House has the PresidentÕs Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) also has an elaborate system for providing technical advice to the government.

For some emerging technologies, there are well-grounded deontological reasons for opposing research and development, even though the technologies eventually could yield great benefits. No one denies the good of the end, but they do deny that the end justifies any and all means. Where the claims of duties are not well grounded, a Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics D E S C A R T E S , R E N E´ deontological approach to ethics runs the risk of sounding reactionary and moralistic. THOMAS M.

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