History

Encyclopedia of Warfare: From the Earliest Times to the by Adrian Gilbert

By Adrian Gilbert

The Encyclopedia of conflict is a chronological account of the improvement of conflict because the beginnings of recorded background. The booklet is prepared in 10 chapters, each one of which appears at a specific period in war from the traditional international to the current. every one bankruptcy comprises colour maps of key campaigns, in addition to observation on battles, personalities, troops, and kit. Sidebars during the major narrative concentrate on noteworthy elements of the heritage of clash. via its chronological association and abundant use of maps, the Encyclopedia additionally in actual fact conveys the hyperlink among battle and global geographical heritage. an intensive but concise exploration of wrestle all through human background, this attention-grabbing and informative reference paintings is a phenomenal addition to any library assortment.

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The Invasion of India Alexander’s ambitions extended beyond the already vast Persian Empire, so that in 327 BC he marched his army into India. In May of the following year, Alexander defeated an Indian army at the Battle of the Hydaspes River. Only a mutiny by his own troops, weary of the excessive demands made upon them, prevented Alexander from continuing to campaign farther east. In 324 BC Alexander returned to his new capital in Babylon. He was faced with the immense task of ruling over an empire that stretched from Greece in the west to the Indus River in the east, and from the Jaxartes River in central Asia to Egypt.

This short, sharp engagement opened his successful war in Persia. In 333 BC the Persian emperor, Darius III, gathered an army of 100,000 soldiers and advanced through Syria with the intention of cutting Alexander’s line of communication back through Asia Minor to Greece. This forced Alexander to temporarily abandon his march along the coast, and to turn back and face the Persian threat along the Pinarus River. At the Battle of Issus, Alexander inflicted a massive reverse on Darius’s army, and almost killed the Persian emperor himself.

The hoplite phalanx was relatively unmaneuverable, but warfare between Greeks before the middle of the fifth century BC rarely involved the use of missile weapons or sophisticated tactics; indeed, the city states seem to have tacitly agreed to keep warfare simple. What it did require was the bravery to undergo intense hand-to-hand fighting and the discipline to keep in formation under the strain of battle. At Marathon the Athenians gathered together about 9,000 hoplites to fight the Persian invaders.

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