Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism Since 1450

The interval from the Renaissance onward has visible a number of international locations and their voters discover components past their very own borders in makes an attempt to find and colonize new territory, thereby increasing their sphere of impact for monetary purposes or, for a few, to flee persecution of their personal land.

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They ran efficient, nation-wide campaigns, aided by their own publishers and by Quaker distribution systems. But they were also able to tap into a more broadly based theological unease about slavery, which was grounded in the newly emergent nonconformist churches, notably the Methodists and Baptists. By the last years of the eighteenth century, they were joined by a small band of Evangelicals, led most famously by William Wilberforce, within the established Anglican Church. By the late 1780s there was a broad religious dislike of slavery in Britain and North America.

Late in 1873 a second expedition was organized with the same objectives, but also to save face. The Dutch army was even better armed this time and was put under the command of the highly experienced Lieutenant General Jan van Swieten. The force consisted of more than 8,500 men, and an additional 1,500 troops in reserve, as well as several thousand servants and bearers. Banda Aceh was captured, and the sultan was chased from the town. Sultan Mahmud Syah did not give up resistance, but rather retreated into the hills.

Go¨khan C ¸ etinsaya ABOLITION OF COLONIAL SLAVERY Sultan Abdu¨lhamid II. The reign of Abdu¨lhamid II began in 1876 when the Ottoman Empire was at war with Serbia and Montenegro and facing a threat from Russia. THE ART ARCHIVE/ TOPKAPI MUSEUM ISTANBUL/DAGLI ORTI. REPRODUCED BY PERMISSION. preserve the integrity of the empire. CUP military officers staged an uprising in Macedonia in the summer of 1908. Fearing internal chaos, the sultan proclaimed the restoration of the parliament on July 24, 1908.

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