Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 6: by Giorgio Lollino, Daniele Giordan, Kurosch Thuro, Carlos

By Giorgio Lollino, Daniele Giordan, Kurosch Thuro, Carlos Carranza-Torres, Faquan Wu, Paul Marinos, Carlos Delgado

This booklet is one out of eight IAEG XII Congress volumes, and bargains with the topic of utilized geology, that is a serious subject matter for the worldwide financial system. within the overseas, multidisciplinary method of significant engineering tasks (either to macro- or mega-scale), the appliance of geological research options is prime for correctly settling on the positioning websites, making plans the development and holding the infrastructures. The contributions during this publication contain not just engineering structures but additionally case stories relating to huge tasks on geo-resources exploration and extraction (minerals, petroleum and groundwater), power construction (hydropower, geothermal, nuclear and others), transportation (railway and street) and waste disposal in addition to the environmental administration of those and different actions. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, examine the dynamic function of engineering geology in our altering global and construct at the 4 major issues of the congress: atmosphere, approaches, concerns, and ways. The congress themes and topic parts of the eight IAEG XII Congress volumes are: 1. weather swap and Engineering Geology 2. Landslide tactics three. River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water assets four. Marine and Coastal strategies five. city Geology, Sustainable making plans and panorama Exploitation 6. utilized Geology for significant Engineering tasks 7. schooling, expert Ethics and Public popularity of Engineering Geology eight. upkeep of Cultural Heritage.

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1007/978-3-319-09060-3_3, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 17 18 F. Wu et al. Fig. 1 Distribution of pararock along Lan-Yu railway line Fig. 2 Geological stresses measured along the railway line from China Railway First Survey and Design Inst the inappropriate design for the lining system, for the case of Lan-Yu railway it may be weaker than required for the problematic sections of the tunnels. Tunnels are mainly distributed in the northern part of Lan-Yu line from Lanzhou to Guangyuan as shown in Fig.

The amounts of money, involved in claims arising from geotechnical problems, are enormous and are taken very seriously by financing agencies. In spite of numerous attempts to deal with these situations by the incorporation of various clauses in contract documents, the problems persist. The best course of action is to define the geological conditions as early and as accurately as possible so that surprises are minimised. Unfortunately, that is not possible, or not considered possible, in most of the cases.

A third condition is the unit load transmitted by the foundation once the construction has been completed. The higher the unit load, the lesser the swelling. According to Peck et al. (1974) useful quantitative information may be obtained from the variation of swelling pressure obtained in an oedometer test in which example, with the water content corresponding to the start of the construction process, is subjected to a selected vertical pressure, and previously to let free access to water, is allowed to reach the equilibrium under that vertical pressure.

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