By Christopher Corti, Richard Holliday
Gold is utilized in quite a lot of commercial and scientific functions and money owed for over 10 percentage of the yearly call for for steel, worthy billions of greenbacks each year. whereas a lot has been written in regards to the mystique and exchange of gold, little or no has been written concerning the technology and know-how within which it's involved.
Edited by means of revered specialists from the realm Gold Council, Gold: technological know-how and purposes offers researchers with the definitive instruction manual at the present technology and functions of this worthy and lovely priceless metal.
Packed with contributions from the world’s major specialists, this quantity brings in authoritative info from a couple of sciences, together with chemistry, physics, nanotechnology and metallurgy. The publication offers a myriad of purposes, starting from electronics to medication and optics. A entire review bankruptcy presents ancient views of the point and every bankruptcy describes strength extra makes use of, together with functions at the moment being developed.
Gold functions in Use this day Include:
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Additional info for Gold: Science and Applications
51. Optical properties of selected elements, J. H. Weaver and H. P. R. Frederikse, in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D. R. ) (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2001) 133. 52. Theoretical chemistry of gold, P. Pyykkö, Angew. Chem. Int. , 2004, 43, 4412. 53. Plasmon absorption in nanospheres: A comparison of sodium, potassium, aluminium, silver and gold, M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, N. Harris, M. J. Ford, and M. B. Cortie, Phys. B, Condensed Matter, 2007, 394, 184. The Physics and Optical Properties of Gold 29 54.
Gold is especially useful for the technological development of this phenomenon because its surfaces can be prepared in an oxide-free condition, and because it can sustain this resonance in the red and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum. This is the basis of an analytical technique known as surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPRS) (see Chapter 16). Control of SPP has also been mooted as a means to achieve subwavelength optoelectronic devices . There are two possible polarizations of a light wave with respect to the surface of a solid.
Phys. , 2006, 430, 89. 33. Gold based bulk metallic glass, J. Schroers, B. Lohwongwatana, W. L. Johnson, and A. Peker, Appl. Phys. , 2005, 87, 061912. 34. Equal channel angular extrusion of high purity gold solid, W. Y. Yeung, R. Wuhrer, M. Cortie, and M. Ferry, Mater. Forum, 2007, 31, 31. 35. Characteristics of face-centered cubic metals processed by equal-channel angular pressing, N. Q. Chinh, J. Gubicza, and T. G. Langdon, J. Mater. , 2007, 42, 1594. 36. Microstructural characteristics of pure gold processed by equal-channel angular pressing, J.