By Peilin Li
This e-book deals a complete overview of the far-reaching social alterations that experience taken position because the begin of the chinese language monetary reform and beginning up of chinese language society over 30 years in the past. As such, it examines quite a few elements of the social transformation of China, from urbanization, inhabitants getting older and social governance to family members constitution, adolescence society and social mentality. It identifies significant matters and demanding situations rising through the technique of the nice social switch, and proposes strategies to help in destiny strategic making plans. The research is supported via a wealth of empirical info amassed during prolonged social survey examine. The publication additionally offers a scientific precis of an important study findings from the earlier few years, assisting readers to appreciate and interpret the continuing and complicated strategy of transformation in chinese language society.
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Additional info for Great Changes and Social Governance in Contemporary China
1 % per year. It is also a critical period of China’s socioeconomic transformation from a planned economy to a market one. During this period, the economy growth rate maintained high. Although there were a number of people of working age and during that time the dependency ratio was low, the rigid economic system and employment mode had severely constrained the way of utilizing this advantage and the improvement in productivity. Consequently, the annually increased number in the labor force did not become a complement to the society but a burden instead.
Thus, the key in this stage is to properly deal with and make use of the aging population, to keep adjusting the economic and industrial structure, and to maintain a stable economic growth. In the process of “growing rich while growing old,” the Chinese society is still faced with challenges from its economic structure transformation, adjustment in the profit distribution, and aging population. According to the experience of developed countries, both social and economic policies play equally important roles, which are mainly reflected in the following aspects: (1) Economic growth cannot spontaneously mitigate the risks posed by the widening gap within the populations of wealth and the aged.
The social governance in its short- and medium-term planning in China has gradually established relevant legislative system and institutional framework. Relevant innovations and policies that provide experience and direction for the legislative system and institutional framework can be carried out in the following areas. First, the population policy. China claimed to maintain a low birth rate, improve population quality, and optimize its population structure. It implements favorable, rewarding, and supportive policies to those who practice family planning.