By Vera M. Kolb
Green natural Chemistry and Its Interdisciplinary functions covers key advancements in eco-friendly chemistry and demonstrates to scholars that the advancements have been normally the results of cutting edge considering. utilizing a suite of chosen experiments, all of which were played within the laboratory with undergraduate scholars, it demonstrates how you can optimize and increase eco-friendly experiments.
The publication dedicates every one bankruptcy to person functions, such as
- The chemical industry
- The pharmaceutical industry
- Analytical chemistry
- Environmental chemistry
Each bankruptcy additionally poses questions on the finish, with the solutions included.
By targeting either the interdisciplinary purposes of eco-friendly chemistry and the cutting edge considering that has produced new advancements within the box, this ebook manages to provide key messages in a fashion the place they make stronger one another. It offers a unmarried and concise reference for chemists, teachers, and scholars for studying approximately eco-friendly natural chemistry and its nice and ever-expanding variety of applications.
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Additional info for Green Organic Chemistry and its Interdisciplinary Applications
One example is the application of 12 principles of green chemistry to the greening of a chemical system. If we think in a linear fashion, we shall focus only on one principle and will try to do green optimization based only on this selected principle. For example, we choose to focus only on atom economy, but do not include other principles, such as economic factors. By following the linear path, we may design a novel reaction with high atom economy, and thus no waste. However, if we did not consider economic factors, the reaction may be too expensive to be implemented in practice.
The derivatization principle is illustrated on an example from the beginning of organic chemistry. Starting from compound 1, which has a keto and ester groups, we need to make compound 2, in which the ester group is converted to an alcohol, whereas the keto group is preserved. 12. The reaction requires a reduction of the ester group to an alcohol. Two reducing agents that students are generally familiar with are sodium borohydride, NaBH4, and lithium aluminum hydride, LiAlH4. The latter will reduce the ester group, whereas the former will not.
In micelles, the hydrophobic part of the molecule points inward and the hydrophilic part is oriented outside, toward water (see Wikipedia on micelles). 2 Chemical structure of TPGS-750-M. A, racemic vitamin E; B, succinic acid; and C, methoxypolyethylene glycol. 3 Schematic representation of an amphiphilic molecule. 4 Generalized structure of a micelle, made from an amphiphile. 3 for the representation of the latter. 2. This surfactant is designed to be green. Its structural components are vitamin E, in a racemic form, which is benign by virtue of being a vitamin; succinic acid, which is also benign because it is an intermediate in cellular respiration; and MPEG-750, a methoxypolyethylene glycol, which is a common degradable hydrophilic compound.