By Anestis Terzis
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Additional info for Handbook of Camera Monitor Systems: The Automotive Mirror-Replacement Technology based on ISO 16505
The camera has an IP68/IP6k9k housing and is designed to be resistant against harsh environmental conditions such as mechanical shocks, vibrations, and hazardous atmospheres . The operating temperature range is relatively high at −40 °C to +105 °C. The optics are watertight and equipped with anti-scratch, anti-reflection, and anti-fog coating. It uses a ﬁxed-focus optics enabling a horizontal ﬁeld of view (HFoV) 55° ± 2° and can be used for the Class II or III FOV. The same camera is also available with an 44 A.
That explains why distances as well as speeds can be judged comparatively well with a CMS as with a conventional mirror. A detailed analysis of the visual perception of humans is included in chapter “Human Visual Perception”. Drivers who wear multifocal lenses must also be considered when determining the position of the displays. For these drivers, it is advantageous to have the displays mounted somewhat lower in order to facilitate the readability. ISO 16505:2015 allows a maximum downward angle of 30° for this purpose.
8 Fluid flow through mirror for trucks  p. 9 % . For a series-production commercial vehicle in customer use, the real reduction in fuel consumption through a CMS can be assumed to be 2 %, leading to a reduction of the fuel costs of about 1326 € per year . The drag coefﬁcient of a side mirror itself is relatively large . 020 result, approximately ﬁve percent of the total resistance of a passenger vehicle . 010 is expected, dependent on the shape of the camera holder . Figure 9 shows the pressure distribution over the front surface of the vehicle.