By Douglas A. Kibbee
As every one interval within the heritage of the language sciences has selected to target varied key questions, the examine of that historical past offers to open our eyes to the diversity of attention-grabbing questions that may be requested, and spoke back – starting off the blinders of latest preoccupations. September 1–5, 2005, linguists from twenty-five international locations collected on the college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to percentage their ardour for the historical past in their self-discipline. This quantity is a distillation of many effective contributions from that convention, laying off gentle at the many alternative techniques to the research of language.
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Extra resources for History of Linguistics 2005: Selected Papers from the Tenth International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences (ICHOLS X), 1-5 September ... in the History of the Language Sciences)
1857. Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Send, Armenischen, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litauischen, Altslavischen, Gothischen und Deutschen. 2nd ed. Berlin: Dümmler. Braunmüller, Kurt. 2000. “Gender in North Germanic: A diasystematic and functional approach”. 25-53. Brugmann, Karl. 1889. “Das Nominalgeschlecht in den indogermanischen Sprachen”. 100-109. Corbett, Greville G. 1991. Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Court de Gébelin, Antoine. 1774. Monde primitif. Part 2: Grammaire universelle.
1285-c. , 20th century structuralist studies. 2 While the assignment of animates is attributed to sex and typical occupations, that of inanimate nouns is said to proceed on an arbitrary basis, “by pure caprice and a habit without reason” (Arnauld & Lancelot 1975:77), an observation based on different assignments in related languages and gender change within the same language. In addition, the Port Royal scholars criticized Greek and Roman grammarians for not treating n. e. as the absence of the two properties, and for the addition of common and epicene genders.
Arbitrary and functional vs. redundant. Due to the limitations of the present paper and the amount of relevant literature, I would 1 I would like to thank Peter Trudgill and Yishai Tobin for reading an earlier version of this paper, providing encouragement and sharing ideas with me. ON GRAMMATICAL GENDER 25 like to consider only the most representative treatments, as examples of the attitudes which were characteristic of a given period. Finally, I will briefly review the evidence that is now available of the semantic regularity of gender, its functions and cognitive correlates.