Language Grammar

In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the Four by John D. Bengtson

By John D. Bengtson

Compiled in honor and occasion of veteran anthropologist Harold C. Fleming, this booklet includes 23 articles by means of anthropologists (in the final feel) from the 4 major disciplines of prehistory: archaeology, biogenetics, paleoanthropology, and genetic (historical) linguistics. as a result of Professor Fleming’s significant specialise in language ― he based the organization for the examine of Language in Prehistory and the magazine Mother Tongue ― the content material of the publication is seriously tilted towards the learn of human language, its origins, ancient improvement, and taxonomy. due to Fleming’s huge box adventure in Africa many of the articles take care of African subject matters.
This quantity is meant to exemplify the primary, within the phrases of Fleming himself, that every of the 4 disciplines is enriched whilst it combines with anybody of the opposite 4. The authors are consultant of the innovative in their respective fields, and this ebook is uncommon in together with contributions from quite a lot of anthropological fields instead of concentrating in anybody of them.

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Pleis. S. 299 En Gedi, Israel S. Levant Natufian, Israel Late Pleistocene Nubia Natufian Christian X-Group Meroitic S. Levant W. Africa L. Pleis. W. Africa Meroitic X-Group Christian En Gedi Natufian S. 460 Natufian En Gedi Christian Meroitic X-Group W. Africa L. Pleis. 635 En Gedi S. Levant Christian X-Group Meroitic W. Africa L. Pleis. d. , groups are very similar or one has a small sample size.  Christy G. Turner II This paper makes an additional inference. Since there is archaeological and physical anthropological reason to believe that the Natufians were related to modern Semiticspeaking peoples of the Levant, I suggest that some part, if not all of, the Afro-Asiatic family originated north of Africa proper.

Semitic languages include Arabic, Hebrew, and Amharic. Additional support is found in Afro-Asiatic’s general lack of tonality that characterizes the majority of African languages, among other differences (Ruhlen 1976: 61). Scholars today who are interested in the classification as well as formation of human groups generally envision evolution as primarily divergent, branching and hierarchical, and less often as converging, mixing, or as Neel, Layrisse, and Salzano (1977) express these two general formation concepts – fission and fusion.

The tension between these ideas might be reconciled if the ancestors of present day Berber speakers are interpreted as being the descendants of restricted early Holocene populations from the northern Sahara who represented a skewed nonrepresentative and non-random sample of the Saharan peoples who were evolving there after recolonisation with the decrease in aridity in the late Pleistocene; such a population could very well have adopted domesticated sheep and goat from the Near East and bioculturally assimilated some immigrants (see Myles et al.

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