By Harald Atmanspacher, Gerhard J. Dalenoort
In our day-by-day lives we conceive of our environment as an objectively given truth. the realm is perceived via our senses, and ~hese supply us, so we think, with a loyal photograph of the realm. yet occ~ipnally we're compelled to gain that our senses misinform us, e. g. , by way of illusions. For some time it used to be believed that the feeling of colour is without delay r~lated to the frequency of sunshine waves, till E. Land (the inventor of the polaroid digicam) confirmed in targeted experiments that our notion of, say, a coloured spot is dependent upon the colours of its surrounding. nonetheless, we may well adventure hallucinations or goals as genuine. really obviously, the connection among the "world" and our "brain" is complicated. one other unusual challenge is the way we understand time or the "Now". Psychophysical experiments let us know that the mental "Now" is a longer time period within the feel of physics. the location used to be made nonetheless extra difficult while, within the nineteen-twenties, Heisenberg and others discovered that, through looking at techniques within the microscopic international of electrons and different effortless debris, we strongly intrude with that global. the end result of experiments - at the least commonly - can merely be envisioned statistically. what's the nature ofthis unusual dating among "object" and "observer"? this can be one other an important challenge of the inside-outside or endo-exo dichotomy.
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Extra resources for Inside Versus Outside: Endo- and Exo-Concepts of Observation and Knowledge in Physics, Philosophy and Cognitive Science
Hallidy: Q - an algebraic language for quantum spacetime topology, Int. J. Theor. Phys. 30,463-486 (1991) 32. H. Minkowski: Space and time. In The Principle of Relativity, Dover, New York 1952, pp. 73-91 33. H. Bergson: Creative Evolution. Macmillan, London 1911 34. N. Whitehead: Process and Reality. Macmillan, New York 1979 35. E. Rossler: Boscovich covariance. In Beyond Belief, ed. L. Casti and A. Karlqvist, CRC Press, Boca Raton 1991, pp. 65-87 36. K. Moriyasu: An Elementary Primer for Gauge Theory.
201). Pierre Moreau de Maupertius, the first president of the Berlin Academy of Sciences took the plunge to derive on metaphysical grounds the quantity to be minimized. s In his first Berlin work Les loix de mouvement et du repos deduites d'un principe metaphysique9 he focusses again exclusively on the minimum of action. He explicitly quotes Euler's work ignoring Euler's precaution in speaking about minimum or maximum. Maupertius extends his principle beyond physics even to the growth of plants.
28 Harald Atmanspacher Algebra Geometry I Quaternion spacetime Modular, nondistributive lattice I quantum logic \ ,/ temporal logic abstract space concrete time "- concrete space abstract time I structure dynamics en do exo Fig. 2. Schematic illustration of algebraic and geometric arguments that lead from conventional quantum logic and temporal logic to quaternion spaces. These spaces can be interpreted as dual spacetimes, endowed with concrete and abstract concepts of space and time. dual formulation as well.