Psychiatry

Introduction to addictive behaviors by Dennis L. Thombs PhD FAAHB, Cynthia J. Osborn PhD

By Dennis L. Thombs PhD FAAHB, Cynthia J. Osborn PhD

Now in a revised and improved 3rd variation, this generally followed textual content deals a balanced evaluation of significant modern views on substance abuse and dependancy. completely up-to-date chapters deal with ailment versions; psychoanalytic, conditioning, cognitive, and relations structures formulations; and social and cultural foundations. new chapters on prevention versions and comorbidity develop the volume's scope. Written in a lucid, available type, the 3rd version is grounded within the most recent conception and examine. purposes to the aiding procedure are emphasised and studying is facilitated with case examples, evaluation questions, and end-of-chapter summaries.

Show description

Read Online or Download Introduction to addictive behaviors PDF

Similar psychiatry books

Religion and Psychiatry: Beyond Boundaries (World Psychiatric Association)

Faith (and spirituality) is particularly a lot alive and shapes the cultural values and aspirations of psychiatrist and sufferer alike, as does the alternative of no longer choosing with a specific religion. sufferers deliver their ideals and convictions into the doctor-patient dating. The problem for psychological well-being pros, no matter what their very own global view, is to strengthen and refine their vocabularies such that they really comprehend what's communicated to them by way of their sufferers.

Psychiatry an Evidence Based Text

A profession in psychiatry is likely one of the so much worthwhile and demanding in drugs. The trainee calls for a very extensive wisdom base to prevail, and an authoritative but approachable resource of knowledge is vital. This booklet brings jointly specialist wisdom and talents from throughout all parts of psychiatry to give an intensive yet uncomplicated consultant to good fortune in psychiatric education, with a specific concentrate on the Royal collage of Psychiatrists' MRCPsych exam.

Hypnosis and Stress: A Guide for Clinicians

Hypnosis and tension presents a pragmatic method of utilizing hypnosis with sufferers being affected by quite a lot of rigidity comparable difficulties. cutting edge in its technique, this publication integrates conventional ways in hypnosis with Ericksonian and Rossi's method of hypnotherapy. the main up to date learn is mentioned and a versatile, 'hands-on' framework is equipped for practising hypnotherapy, including:detailed guidance on accomplishing scientific interviewsexamples of getting ready the sufferer for hypnosistemplates of medical 'scripts' to be used in sessionssolutions for facing catharsisdiscussion of inter-professional collaboration.

Additional resources for Introduction to addictive behaviors

Sample text

Of course, MZ twins are always of the same gender. DZ twins may be of different genders, and are no more alike (in terms of genetic makeup) than any two siblings. In twin studies, concordance rates are determined for a specific characteristic or trait. A “concordance rate” is the degree of similarity between the twins in each pair in a series on any given characteristic. The greater concordance between MZ twins, as compared to DZ twins, is taken as evidence of the degree of genetic determination for a characteristic.

Drugs of abuse alter the cellular activity of neurons that use dopamine and other neurotransmitters. For instance, cocaine blocks the “reuptake” or reabsorption of dopamine by the neurons (brain cells) that release it (Leshner, 1996). , smoking crack cocaine). , 1998). Though it is not clear that this is the The Disease Models 41 basis for “nondrug addictions,” such as gambling, advances in neuroscience will continue to encourage such speculation. Recent rat research suggests that serotonin, another neurotransmitter, also may be implicated in cocaine’s activation of the mesolimbic system.

East Asians) will have lower rates of alcoholism, because the flushing is an aversive consequence that discourages heavy drinking. As a result, members of these groups will not abuse alcohol because of this uncomfortable reaction when ethanol is consumed. , Native Americans) will be very susceptible to alcoholism, because the high levels of acetaldehyde cause tolerance to alcohol to increase. Clearly, alcohol elimination cannot be used to explain alcoholism etiology in opposite directions. Schwitters, Johnson, McClearn, and Wilson (1982) comment on these studies: “Once persons drink at all, whether flushing occurs following the use of alcohol has only a trivial effect on drinking behavior” (p.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.39 of 5 – based on 49 votes