By Dennis L. Thombs PhD FAAHB, Cynthia J. Osborn PhD
Read Online or Download Introduction to addictive behaviors PDF
Similar psychiatry books
Faith (and spirituality) is particularly a lot alive and shapes the cultural values and aspirations of psychiatrist and sufferer alike, as does the alternative of no longer choosing with a specific religion. sufferers deliver their ideals and convictions into the doctor-patient dating. The problem for psychological well-being pros, no matter what their very own global view, is to strengthen and refine their vocabularies such that they really comprehend what's communicated to them by way of their sufferers.
A profession in psychiatry is likely one of the so much worthwhile and demanding in drugs. The trainee calls for a very extensive wisdom base to prevail, and an authoritative but approachable resource of knowledge is vital. This booklet brings jointly specialist wisdom and talents from throughout all parts of psychiatry to give an intensive yet uncomplicated consultant to good fortune in psychiatric education, with a specific concentrate on the Royal collage of Psychiatrists' MRCPsych exam.
Hypnosis and tension presents a pragmatic method of utilizing hypnosis with sufferers being affected by quite a lot of rigidity comparable difficulties. cutting edge in its technique, this publication integrates conventional ways in hypnosis with Ericksonian and Rossi's method of hypnotherapy. the main up to date learn is mentioned and a versatile, 'hands-on' framework is equipped for practising hypnotherapy, including:detailed guidance on accomplishing scientific interviewsexamples of getting ready the sufferer for hypnosistemplates of medical 'scripts' to be used in sessionssolutions for facing catharsisdiscussion of inter-professional collaboration.
- Autism: Neural Basis and Treatment Possibilities (Novartis Foundation Symposia)
- Offending Behaviour Programmes: Development, Application and Controversies
- Fundamentals of Psychoneuroimmunology
- One Century of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (International Perspectives in Philosophy & Psychiatry)
- Schizophrenia Research Trends
Additional resources for Introduction to addictive behaviors
Of course, MZ twins are always of the same gender. DZ twins may be of different genders, and are no more alike (in terms of genetic makeup) than any two siblings. In twin studies, concordance rates are determined for a specific characteristic or trait. A “concordance rate” is the degree of similarity between the twins in each pair in a series on any given characteristic. The greater concordance between MZ twins, as compared to DZ twins, is taken as evidence of the degree of genetic determination for a characteristic.
Drugs of abuse alter the cellular activity of neurons that use dopamine and other neurotransmitters. For instance, cocaine blocks the “reuptake” or reabsorption of dopamine by the neurons (brain cells) that release it (Leshner, 1996). , smoking crack cocaine). , 1998). Though it is not clear that this is the The Disease Models 41 basis for “nondrug addictions,” such as gambling, advances in neuroscience will continue to encourage such speculation. Recent rat research suggests that serotonin, another neurotransmitter, also may be implicated in cocaine’s activation of the mesolimbic system.
East Asians) will have lower rates of alcoholism, because the flushing is an aversive consequence that discourages heavy drinking. As a result, members of these groups will not abuse alcohol because of this uncomfortable reaction when ethanol is consumed. , Native Americans) will be very susceptible to alcoholism, because the high levels of acetaldehyde cause tolerance to alcohol to increase. Clearly, alcohol elimination cannot be used to explain alcoholism etiology in opposite directions. Schwitters, Johnson, McClearn, and Wilson (1982) comment on these studies: “Once persons drink at all, whether flushing occurs following the use of alcohol has only a trivial effect on drinking behavior” (p.