Public Affairs Policy

Italy and Japan: How Similar Are They?: A Comparative by Silvio Beretta, Axel Berkofsky, Fabio Rugge

By Silvio Beretta, Axel Berkofsky, Fabio Rugge

This publication presents an enlightening comparative research of Japan’s and Italy’s political cultures and platforms, economics, and diplomacy from international battle II to the current day. It addresses various interesting questions, starting from the origins of the authoritarian regimes and post-war one-party rule in either nations, via to Japan’s and Italy’s responses to the industrial and societal demanding situations posed through globalization and their foreign objectives and techniques. Similarities and alterations among the 2 nations in regards to financial improvement types, the connection of politics and enterprise, fiscal buildings and advancements, and diplomacy are analyzed intensive. This cutting edge quantity on an under-researched region should be of significant curiosity to these with an curiosity in Italian and jap politics and economics.

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Additional resources for Italy and Japan: How Similar Are They?: A Comparative Analysis of Politics, Economics, and International Relations

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The prevalent Japanese discourse echoed Thompson’s warning. In September 1945, a month after Japan’s surrender, a widely read column on the front page of the Asahi Shimbun, an influential progressive newspaper, reflected Japan’s emigration policy before the war. The column stated that Japan ‘‘is facing serious difficulties, supporting as much as an 80 million population on this small land’’. ’’ An interesting remark was its reference to the ‘‘quality of emigrants from Japan’’. The column argued that some of the previous Japanese emigrants were so adventurous and risking-taking that their quality was not what they should have been.

The major problem in this context is how to limit population growth and escape from the ‘Malthusian trap’, in which the fruit of economic growth is consumed by an expanding population thereby perpetuating poverty. Changed Discourses on Demography in Japan 25 Today’s Malthusian arguments can be found in abundance within environmentalist discourses. They emphasize the growing population of the world as placing increasing pressure on limited supplies of natural resources, such as energy and food, which threaten to produce major socio-political disorder.

In other words, this can be viewed as the difference between relative versus absolute gains. If so, contrasting visions such as ‘vigorous and proud power’ and ‘prosperous and happy society’ represent disparate world views rather than merely analytical disagreements. In the early twenty-firstcentury, however, it is widely assumed that Japan’s demographic trends will cause serious problems, even within the domain of absolute prosperity. Generally, students of international politics use the term ‘national power’, as is typical for the above-mentioned Morgenthau, to capture the opportunity to win when competiting with other states.

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