By Randolph Vigne (auth.)
Read or Download Liberals against Apartheid: A History of the Liberal Party of South Africa, 1953–68 PDF
Best history books
Scientia is the time period that early sleek philosophers utilized to a undeniable type of demonstrative wisdom, the sort whose beginning issues have been acceptable first rules. In pre-modern philosophy, too, scientia was once the identify for demonstrative wisdom from first ideas. yet pre-modern and early glossy conceptions range systematically from each other.
This publication areas the marine assurance company of Amsterdam within the wider context of the political economic climate of Europe through the moment 1/2 the eighteenth century. The research relies at the simultaneous quotations of rates for the twenty-two teams of locations which shaped an incredible a part of the commerical matrix of the Netherlands.
Farming platforms examine (FSR) will be outlined as a diagnostic method, delivering a set of tools for researchers to appreciate farm families and their decision-making. Its functions use this knowing to extend potency within the use of human and budgetary assets for agricultural improvement, together with learn, extension and coverage formula.
The lengthy partitions becoming a member of Athens with its harbors are universally famous as symbols of naval imperialism and the lynchpin of an intensive departure from conventional Greek army procedure throughout the later 5th century B. C. however, many vital questions about the constructions stay disputed or just missed.
- Democracies at War against Terrorism: A Comparative Perspective (Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy)
- Desert Raiders: Axis and Allied Special Forces 1940-43
Additional resources for Liberals against Apartheid: A History of the Liberal Party of South Africa, 1953–68
33 34 Liberals against Apartheid Cooper's campaign was, nonetheless, on safer, more familiar ground, revealing none of the pitfalls that lay before Liberal candidates the following year, when the thorny question of the franchise had been fought over yet again. The 1953 Congress had conceded to the radicals on franchise qualifications, which were acceptably low. The second National Congress, held in the Kajee Hall in Durban from 10 to 12 July 1954, was to shatter the contentment of the old Liberals and threaten even the survival of the Party.
B. Lee Warden, after Ray Alexander had been expelled from the Assembly under the Suppression of Communism Act. Gibson had put up a good fight against odds which were enormously increased by the expulsion from Parliament of the previous winners of the seat. He had won good friends for the Liberals amongst Africans who were opposed to the new 'left', that is, Communist, influence on Congress. The Western Cape Chairman, Thomas Ngwenya and a leading ANC and former Communist Party member, Joseph Nkatlo, attended the Cape Provincial Congress as observers in May 1954.
Those who held to the old policy felt a degree of estrangement and their efforts were reduced. Those who, like Paton, Brown, Msimang, Leslie Rubin and others, came to see the rightness and inevitability of full adult suffrage forgave more easily and continued to give the Party all they had to offer. It was noticeable that African Provincial Committee members in the Cape like Dan Tikili, a community leader and staunch ANC man of the old school, Sangxalo, Max Tabata, brother of the Unity Movement leader, and Gilbert Fesi, a stalwart in Gibson's election campaigns had, with radicals like Gibson, Peter Hjul, an able young trade journalist and Gibson's election agent, and Benjamin Pogrund, a law student who was to become a distinguished journalist, strongly supported the full franchise.