Language Grammar

Markedness and Economy in a Derivational Model of Phonology by Andrea Calabrese

By Andrea Calabrese

This ebook proposes a brand new version of phonology that integrates ideas and maintenance prompted via markedness constraints in a classical derivational version. In constructing this concept, the ebook bargains new options to many long-standing difficulties related to syllabic and segmental phonology with analyses of usual language information, either famous and comparatively unknown. The publication additionally features a new remedy of Palatalization and Affrication tactics, a singular conception of characteristic visibility as a substitute to add underspecification and an intensive critique of Optimality conception.

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The cross-linguistically most common, way of fixing a given illicit configuration. Thus, for each active constraint there is a set of ranked repair operations each involving minimal modifications of the target structure. I will call this set the REPAIR set of a constraint. A REPAIR of a configuration always begins with the highest ranked repair operation where this operation may be the first step in a derivational path composed of more repair operations. If this operation, or the derivational path starting with it, fails to produce a licit output, the next ranked repair operation—if there is one—will be applied thus starting a totally new derivational path.

Introduction Conspiracies One of the major problems of Classical Generative Phonology was the lack of an account for the phenomenon of phonological conspiracies, a problem first identified by Kisseberth (1970a,b). In the case of a conspiracy, a variety of different phonological processes have in common the avoidance of a given configuration. Hiatus resolution processes provide excellent examples of a conspiracy both in the case of the same language and across languages. In (16-18) I list the processes of hiatus removal we find in several languages: (16) Chicano Spanish:3 a.

O  E~dE! +O  E~lO ! +a E~dE! +a E~lO! Incl French: a. Processes: i. Glide formation: i a  ya; u a  wa ii. Glide insertion: i a  iya; u a uwa b. Examples: i. lu+e  lwe; li+elye ii. kri+er  kriye, pli+epliye b. (17) (18) All of these languages share the avoidance of a hiatus configuration (at least in some context, see Chapter 3, sect. 5 for discussion of sequences Prolegomena to a realistic theory of phonology 23 on non-high vowels in French. See also Chapter 2, sect. 1 for discussion of the same sequences in Polish).

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