Nonfiction 1

Metaphors: Figures of the Mind by Zdravko Radman (auth.)

By Zdravko Radman (auth.)

This e-book offers with a number of elements of metaphorics and but it's not in simple terms, or maybe now not even essentially, approximately metaphor itself. particularly it's curious about the argument from metaphor. In different phrases, it truly is approximately what i feel we will examine from metaphor and the potential results of this lesson for a extra sufficient figuring out, for example, of our psychological procedures, the probabilities and boundaries of our reasoning, the strictures of propositionality, the cognitive influence of fictional projections and so forth. during this experience it's not, strictly conversing, a contribution to metaphorology; in its place, it really is an try to outline where of metaphor on the planet of total human highbrow task, exemplary thematized the following within the span that levels from difficulties on the subject of the articulation of meanings as much as basic problems with creativity. many of the facets mentioned, as a result, are tested no longer a lot for the sake of gaining a few new wisdom approximately metaphor (work carried out within the »science of metaphor« is shortly so large that an additional try to spell out one other conception of metaphor can have an infiatory effect); the fundamental technique of this booklet is to view metaphor in the advanced of language utilization and language competence, in human idea and motion, and, ultimately, to work out in what philosophically suitable manner it improves our wisdom of ourselves. definitely, by way of adopting this easy procedure we additionally concurrently bring up our wisdom of metaphors, in their features and importance.

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Gewinnt ein Wort eine neue Bedeutung, so verschwindet die ursprungliche nicht ohne weiteres, sondern das Wort bleibt in beiden Bedeutungen im Gebrauch. (Erdman, 1922: 13) Analogous to »Bedeutungswandel« (the shift of meaning), one can also refer to »Bedeutungsbleiben« (the retention of meaning); these two aspects coexist without suffering the danger of conflict or confusion. The accumulative feature of meaning is not only manifested as the cohesive power of different senses, but, above all else, as a medium for the development of meaning.

Yet it seems that the extension of the palete of references need not be the main cause of confusion; the main cause of confusion can be attributed to the insufficient specification of meanings and their collision. A particular aspect of polysemic growth which bears special philosophical relevance for the present discussion is the ability of words to preserve an old sense once a novel shift in application has taken place. Subsequently, a word can acquire fresh meaning without loosing the established one.

Breal, 1964: 140) The mere possibility of the accumulation of meanings is the very precondition for metaphoric alterations of sense. Figurative and other types of 2 It thus came about that thc French verb »aller« has about forty, »Inettre« fifty and »/aire« almost cighty different uses. Certainly investigation would show that the English verbs »put" and »go« diplay a high level of diversification, too. 26 CHAPTER 2 semantic reshaping can freely take place, hence giving rise to unlimited diversifications in meaning.

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