By Arnoud Vrolijk, Jan Hogendijk
O ye Gentlemen explores very important strands in Arabic tradition: the Greek culture in technology and philosophy and the literary culture. they're everlasting and, notwithstanding drawing on Islam as a dominant faith, they're on no account depending on it. That the strands freely interweave in the broader scope of Schrifttum is proven through greater than thirty essays on topics as different because the social company of bees, spontaneous new release within the Shiʿite culture, astronomy within the Arabian nights, the advantages of intercourse, important stones in a literary textual content, the advantage of girls in Judaeo-Arabic tales, animals in heart jap tune and the transmission of Arabic technological know-how and philosophy to the medieval West.
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Extra info for O Ye Gentlemen: Arabic Studies on Science and Literary Culture, in Honor of Remke Kruk (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science) (Multilingual Edition)
7 6 Félix Fabri, Voyage en Egypte (Le Caire, 1975), I, pp. 159–62; cf. III, pp. 830–31. Bernhardt van Breydenbach, Die heylighe bevarden tot dat heylighe grafft in Iherusalem (Mainz: Eerhaert Rewich van Utrecht, 1488), f. 158a. The woodcut is also reproduced by Odell Shepard, The lore of the unicorn (London, 1930, [repr. 1967]), after p. 192. In accordance with the medieval iconographical tradition, the unicorn’s horn is depicted as having spiralled grooves. indd 7 7/19/2007 4:02:08 PM 8 willem pieter gerritsen Among these animals is a unicorn which resembles a horse with cloven hoofs and a very long straight, spiralled horn protruding from its brow.
Honey, its lexicon, its colours, and its varieties; 5. Information from Aristotle and other scholars, honey’s nature and origin; 6. Qurʾan, sūra of the Bee (16:68–69), other Qurʾanic references and various exegetic comments; honey as a ‘healing for men’; 7–8. The Prophet’s traditions; 9. various opinions about what bees eat; the zakāt on honey; 10. Anecdotes about wax; 11. Poems about wax. Often the author seems to have a personal knowledge of the world of bees, even if there is no sufficient proof that he was a bee-keeper.
The bees carry this substance on the middle and the lower part of their legs, just as they carry the wax. The Arabs call it ʾikbir, that is the mūm (‘wax’, in Persian); it is also called ʿikbir. One can see the flying bees with this attached ʿikbir ; they placed it in the combs’ cells instead of the honey, but they collect it in abundance only in years of drought. They get it mostly from the Zizyphus trees (sidr). People eat it like bread and they are satiated. They carry it in their bags when they travel, but it gets spoiled more quickly than honey.