Aeronautical Engineering

Optical Satellite Signal Processing and Enhancement by Shen-en Qian

By Shen-en Qian

This booklet presents an international evaluate of optical satellite tv for pc photo and information compression theories, algorithms, and approach implementations. along with 9 chapters, it describes a number of lossless and near-lossless data-compression recommendations and 3 foreign satellite-data-compression criteria. the writer stocks his firsthand adventure and learn leads to constructing novel satellite-data-compression suggestions for either onboard and on-ground use, consumer tests of the influence that information compression has on satellite tv for pc info functions, development compression structures, and optimizing and deploying structures. Written with either postgraduate scholars and complicated execs in brain, this guide addresses vital problems with satellite tv for pc facts compression and implementation, and it offers an end-to-end therapy of information compression expertise.

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There are a total of 8461 spectral channels. 3 deg on either side of the satellite track. Scene scanning is stepped with field-motion compensation. 3 deg, or 50 km  50 km at nadir. Each cell is imaged simultaneously by a 2  2 array of detectors. IASI measures the atmosphere temperature within 1 °C and relative humidity within 10% for each slice of 1-km height. 2 Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer The Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) instrument is an infrared FTS flying aboard the NASA’s Aura satellite, launched into a polar orbit in July 2004.

This second generation of Landsat satellites marked a significant advance in remote sensing through the addition of a more-sophisticated sensor, improved acquisition and transmission of data, and more-rapid data processing at a highly automated processing facility. The MSS sensor was included to provide continuity with the earlier Landsat missions, but TM data quickly became the primary source of information used from these satellites because the data offered enhanced spatial, spectral, radiometric, and geometric performance over data from the MSS sensor.

The signal is recorded as a function of time to determine the altitude of the scattering layers. Detecting a surface on the ground requires reception of sufficient backscatter energy exceeding the detection threshold of a lidar sensor. The backscatter return depends on the nadir-projected area of the laserilluminated surface, its reflectance at the laser wavelength, and atmospheric transmissivity. The detection threshold varies as the background optical-noise level changes. , day versus night) and the reflectance of the surface observed by the sensor’s FOV.

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