Animals

Osmoregulation in Estuarine and Marine Animals

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Published by means of the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine reports Series.

A wealth of data on osmotic and ionic reaulation in Estuarine and Marine Animals has been collected during the last many years. past early experiences of whole-animal responses to alterations in environmental salinities, efforts were made in a while to spot, to localize and to symbolize the organs and buildings chargeable for the regulate of the features of the cell's environmental fluid. while contemplating the matter of mobile quantity keep an eye on in animals dealing with media of fluctuating salinities, we're certainly facing diverse different types of mechanisms. a primary one is anxious with the keep watch over of the osmolality of the intracellular fluid, for that reason with the approaches without delay implicated within the upkeep of mobile quantity and form. they've been commonly defined in different contemporary evaluation papers.

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53-161. R. (1976). Studies on the Na + -K + activated ATPase of crab gills. Am. Zool. 16: 223. L. (1981). Ionic requirements of transepithelial potential difference and net water flux in the perfused midgut of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 69A : 317-320. (1980). Salinity adaptation of gill Na, K-ATPase in the blue crab, Callineotes sapidus. J. Exp. Zool. 211 : 215-224. (1982). (Na + +K + )ATPase activity and phospholipids in two euryhaline crabs as related to changes in the environmental salinity.

D. ^Significant difference at the 1%„ level. C. = ATP + 1/2ADP/ ATP + ADP"+ AMP. ,1983; see also acknowledgments). sinensis at different salinities of the environment. D. of at least 6 experiments. (After Wanson, 1983) (Na +K )ATPase function in marine and estuarine animals will be considered more extensively in another part of this volume (see Towle, chapter), we will examine that question only briefly and restrict our analysis to the regulating species described above and studied in our laboratory.

Membrane Biol. 42 : 281-300. A. Intestinal electrophysiology and transmural ion transport in freshwater prawns. Am. J. Physiol. 239 : Cl-10. , Tornquist A. (1977). Allosteric cooperativity during intestinal cotransport of sodium and chloride in freshwater prawns. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 471 : 273-279. , Tornquist A. (1977). Intestinal water and ion transport in freshwater malacostracan prawns (Crustacea). , Kleinzeller A. ) Academic Press, New York. p. 129-142. E. (1977). Cellular energy metabolism and its regulation.

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