By William J. Matthews
Nearly a decade in the past i started making plans this ebook with the aim of summarizing the prevailing physique of information on ecology of freshwater fishes in a fashion just like that of H. B. N. Hynes' complete treatise Ecology of working Waters for streams. The time appeared acceptable, as there have been a number of fresh volumes that synthesized a lot info on a number themes very important in fish ecology, from biogeographic to neighborhood scales. for instance, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had supplied variety maps and easy access to the unique literature for all freshwater fishes in North the US, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes supplied an in depth synthesis of almost every thing recognized approximately distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in handy map shape the global distribution of all freshwater fish households, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 versions of Fishes of the realm had seemed. to enrich those "big photograph" perspectives of fish distributions, the amount on neighborhood and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by means of David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had supplied a chance for greater than 30 members or teams to summarize their paintings on circulation fishes (albeit quite often for warmwater systems).
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Additional info for Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology
Basic physical and chemical properties of lentic (standing water) and lotic (running water) systems are described, as are some of the responses of fish to physical conditions in lakes or streams, in Chapter 4. The next chapters (Chapters 5-8) ask "why" freshwater fish live where they do from the perspective of largely abiotic factors, including zoogeographic history (Chapter 5), local physical patterns (Chapter 6), disturbance and physicochemical stress (Chapter 7), and single-species, "autecological" traits (like morphology and life history), that influence where a particular species can exist on Earth (Chapter 8).
5. C Autecology - Single Species (Non-interactive) -- Continued. w. 6. Progressively more localized "screens" to occurrence of fishes in local assemblages. [From Smith and Powell (1971)]. ) Under zoogeography and "deep-past" evolution, I consider questions about geological phenomena, river basin boundaries, historical biogeography, glaciation, and the history of the evolution of major groups of fishes. , 1996), longitudinal zonation in streams, habitat zonation within lakes, habitat complexity or heterogeneity (Gorman and Karr, 1978), and habitat structure, as well as microhabitat phenomena such as flow patterns, oxygen concentrations, temperature gradients, and the like.
However, in 1966, Greenwood et al. (1966) recognized that teleosts did not comprise a single lineage, and dramatically revised the assignment of teleost fishes into three "divisions" that did not all lead unidirectionally from "lower" to "higher" fishes. ' s classification, anguillid eels and tarpons (and possibly clupeids) were considered Division 1, and not in a direct lineage to "higher teleosts"; Division 2 included the osteoglossiforms, or "bony-tongue" fishes (including the genus Hiodon of North America, and mormyriforms, knifefishes, and others in the tropics).