By Jeffrey A. Scovil
Indicates beginner photographers recommendations for photographing mineral, lapidary, and fossil specimens, illustrated with colour and b&w photographs. After an evidence of the elemental ideas and gear of images, together with medium and big codecs, chapters element options for photographing obvious and opaque fabrics, with recommendation on lighting fixtures ideas, filters, photomicrography, stereophotography, fluorescence, situation images, and slide shows.
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Extra info for Photographing Minerals, Fossils, and Lapidary Materials
They are used to check composition, highlights, lighting, and exposure. Polaroids can be given to a client for approval before the final images are taken. This preview can cut down on reshoots, film, and darkroom time. The advantage of movements for perspective control and sharpness distribution have already been discussed and need no further elaboration. With large-format cameras it is also easier to make multiple exposures using mattes and masks with precise placement of the images. The modular system of view cameras makes them much more versatile than smaller formats.
38 You can see that more care must be taken in lighting for color work. The lighting ratio is controlled by relative place ment of your lights. Your main light provides most of the illumination, while other lights (or reflectors such as mirrors or cards) are used to fill in the shadow arcas and thereby decrease the lighting ratio. Fill lights are moved closer or further from the subject to establish the best ratio that can be determined visually and double checked with a light meter. This is where a handheld spot meter comes in handy unless your camera has TTL spot metering.
Additional rails are easy to add, usually just by screwing on another length. Very long rails can get unwieldy and require the additional support of another rail clamp on a connecting base plate. The addition of another bellows means the use of another front standard as a connecting device and to prevent sagging of the long bellows assembly. Just as with smaller formats, standard lenses are not designed for close-up and photomacrography. Special macro lenses are made for view cameras. They are rarely available in focal lengths shorter than the standard lens (ca 150 mm).