By V. Santiago-Fandiño, Y.A. Kontar, Y. Kaneda
This monograph makes a speciality of quite a few themes concerning reconstruction and recovery in post-tsunami stipulations. facets corresponding to coastal engineering, early caution platforms and technological methods, city making plans and settlements relocation, socio-economic redevelopment and coverage, coastal ecosystems and agricultural redevelopment in addition to toxins evaluation are incorporated. The reader will enjoy the quite a few case-studies drawn from a few nations hit by means of the 2004 tsunami within the Indian Ocean and the nice East Earthquake and Tsunami of March 2011 in Japan.
This ebook will attract scientists and students, determination makers, scholars and practitioners drawn to post-tsunami reconstruction and recovery processes.
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Extra info for Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration
However, the height of it required by the local residents is in some cases lower than that because of the influence on fishing, landscape or tourism. 2 The planned tsunami protection system is excessive for those people, hindering their comfort and convenient daily life or smooth industrial activities and it is considered responsible for accelerating the decline of the village. 3 In other cases, the height of the levee required by local residents is higher than that planned by the government. Moreover, the designation of the disaster hazard 1 More than 31,000 people were killed by the tsunami after 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which correspond to more than 10 % of the whole population of the city.
The first public housing units have already been completed. However, construction of public housing is planned to continue for 5 years, and in Fukushima Prefecture it will take longer. In many places, permanent housing reconstruction depends upon the completion of the land use planning and implementation of recovery projects. Early observation suggests that permanent housing reconstruction takes longer with relocation projects than for in-situ reconstruction. 40 K. Iuchi et al. 1 Japan’s Approach to Temporary Housing In Japan, temporary housing is funded by the national government, constructed by the prefectural government, and managed by local government.
2 Reconstruction Plans and Planning Process After the Great East Japan Earthquake… 27 Fig. 7 Relocation Plan of Akamae district, Miyako city. 6 Conclusions This article depicts several gaps existing between the ideal concept and the reality in the reconstruction process after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the following tsunami. Besides the misunderstanding or incomprehension of the spatial planning by the local government, some of the gaps are caused by excessive timer-related limitations in the planning process.