By Daniel Riches
In Protestant Cosmopolitanism and Diplomatic tradition, Daniel Riches investigates seventeenth-century Brandenburg-Swedish relatives to offer a picture of early glossy international relations pushed through complicated networks of people whose actions have been trained by means of their academic backgrounds, highbrow and cultural pursuits, spiritual convictions, and private connections. The Brandenburg-Swedish dating was once crafted not just by way of formally-credentialed diplomats, but in addition via an array of officials, bureaucrats, monks, retailers and students who conversed within the symbolic language of a standard diplomatic tradition and a worldview of Protestant cooperation throughout traces of political and denominational distinction. identical to international relations that emerges isn't really one in every of bilateral touch among states, yet really zigging and zagging throughout a number of intersecting networks and ever-shifting constellations of faith, politics and tradition.
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Additional info for Protestant Cosmopolitanism and Diplomatic Culture: Brandenburg-Swedish Relations in the Seventeenth Century
A non-aggression pact between Prussia and Sweden was ratified in 1542, and this was later renewed as a friendship-, trade- and shipping treaty after extensive diplomatic dealings in July 1561. 12 12 See Ahnlund, Den svenska utrikespolitikens historia, 90–91; and especially Walther Hubatsch, Albrecht von Brandenburg-Ansbach: Deutschordens-Hochmeister und Herzog in Preußen 1490–1568 (Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer, 1960), 258–60. 30 chapter one Under Georg Friedrich’s administration, Prussia continued to have some contact with Sweden based on a tradition of relations and recognized common interests not yet shared between Sweden and Brandenburg.
The primary divisions are between those who place the responsibility for 34 chapter one and obligations as King of Poland placed some distance between him and his Swedish subjects. But the legitimacy of his claim to the throne was unquestioned, and if not for the actions of his uncle it is unlikely that these concerns alone would have given rise to civil war. Karl was the last surviving son of Gustav Vasa, and per the settlement set out in his father’s testament enjoyed virtual independence as the Duke of Södermanland.
ABr, vol. 1, Nr. 25, 62–74, here 71. 43 Joachim Friedrich to Wedigo Reimar von Putlitz, Isaac Kracht, Christoph Benckendorff, and Joachim Hübner, Cöln an der Spree, 30 December 1604 [9 January 1605]. ABr, vol. 1, Nr. 62, 126–40. ” Cölln an der Spree, 19  March 1605. ABr, vol. 1, Nr. 179, 275–78. The agreement demanded that if Sigismund chose to seek a negotiated settlement with Karl, the elector would try to enlist the aid of the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel and the Elector of the Palatinate in this effort; if Sigismund instead settled upon a military path, Joachim Friedrich would support him at land and at sea; the elector would provide four warships for the defense of the Prussian coast; his subjects would be banned from serving in Karl’s army or assisting him in any way, and those already in Swedish service would be recalled; that he would work to have Saxony, Pomerania, and other German territories adopt similar policies; and that he would encourage Denmark towards friendship with Sigismund and cooperation in the Baltic Sea against incursions by Karl.