Queen Marie Antoinette, spouse of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Henrietta Maria, spouse of King Charles I of britain have been of the main infamous queens in ecu background. They either confronted accusations they'd transgressed social, gender and nearby norms, and tried to shield themselves opposed to adverse reactions to their habit. every one queen engaged with the debates of her time in regards to the position of ladies inside their households, faith, politics, the general public sphere and court docket tradition and tried to counter feedback of her overseas origins and political effect. The impeachment of Henrietta Maria in 1643 and trial and execution of Marie Antoinette in 1793 have been additionally trials of monarchical executive that formed the English Civil Wars and French Revolution.
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Additional info for Queenship and Revolution in Early Modern Europe: Henrietta Maria and Marie Antoinette
137 The marriage marked the dramatic reversal of the long-standing French policy of forging alliances against the Habsburg Empire. In addition to emphasizing Marie Antoinette’s Austrian background, the celebratory verse published upon Marie Antoinette’s marriage compared the bride to mythological and classical figures instead of past queens consort. Marie Antoinette’s initial marital status as a dauphine instead of a queen and her position as the first Austrian archduchess to marry a French royal heir since 1570 may partially explain the absence of queenship allegories.
Within the private sphere, she deferred to her husband, but often ignored his advice in the political arena. In both settings, the Imperial couple presented a united marriage to their subjects. Count Otto Christopher Podewils, the first Prussian envoy appointed to the Habsburg court since the War of the Austrian Succession observed this tension in 1746, writing, “She especially tries to belie the weaknesses of her sex and to strive for virtues which are least suitable to her and which few women possess.
The selective nature of Henrietta Maria’s education shaped her attitude toward her background as a French princess throughout her adult life. Her absence of instruction in European history and governance, combined with the political upheaval that occurred in France during her childhood, precluded an understanding of herself as a representative of a unified French kingdom. ”46 The conflict between Louis and Marie divided the queen’s loyalties to her natal family throughout much of her tenure as queen consort, with her sympathies often aligning with the grievances of her mother.