By Yuhong Du, Zhijun Sun
This ebook covers study at the financing of obligatory schooling in rural China and gives a hugely informative learn for readers who're drawn to the problem of financing obligatory schooling in terrible parts. Basing on info amassed from box experiences in 12 counties in four provinces round China, this booklet offers the present prestige of a brand new mechanism introduced via the chinese language govt in 2005 order to make sure investment for obligatory schooling within the quite terrible rural components. This mechanism is conceived as a milestone in chinese language obligatory schooling historical past, marking the institution of a central authority sponsoring version for obligatory schooling in rural China. via comparative examine, the learn reveals that the recent mechanism not just lightens peasant households’ fiscal burden for having their young children receiving obligatory schooling, but additionally breaks the bottleneck of proscribing investment for rural obligatory schooling. The learn then additionally identifies the problems and demanding situations for destiny improvement.
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Extra resources for Research on Compulsory Education Financing in China
After implementation of the new mechanisms, non-personnel expenditures for schools have been guaranteed and improved remarkably. However, these expenditures are still not adequate, as primary and junior secondary schools cannot supply high-quality nine-year compulsory education for every student. Therefore, to perfect the new mechanism, it is necessary to establish a scientiﬁc and reasonable per-student non-personnel expenditure standard for rural compulsory education, including the improvement of fund guarantee level for rural compulsory education.
However, as a new mechanism, it still needs long-term efforts before complete implementation and improvement. Fund Guarantee Mechanism for Compulsory Education is short for “new mechanism”. 3 1 Finance System and Policy Review of Chinese Rural Compulsory … Key Compulsory Education Projects in China The number of enrolled students in compulsory education in rural areas has reached nearly 150 million. From any point of view, the focus and difﬁculty of compulsory education should be on rural areas.
All indicators improved over the previous year. 2 Increase in Expenditure for Compulsory Education With continuous economic development and an increase in the ratio of ﬁscal revenue in GDP, governments have made more efforts in ﬁnancing education. 75-fold increase. 21-fold increase (see Fig. 1). 1 billion Yuan in 2006 (see Fig. 2). The growth in ﬁscal appropriation for compulsory education, Fig. 1 China compulsory education expenditures in total and in rural areas, 1993–2006 (Yuan, in 100 million) 4 1 Finance System and Policy Review of Chinese Rural Compulsory … Fig.