By Paul Wanke
Psychiatry, like fields in Russia, received its legitimacy from its skill to serve the Tsar and later the Bolshevik occasion. The militarised nature of those governments intended that psychiatry must turn out its worthy to the army. This learn will disguise Russian/Soviet army psychiatry from its first sensible adventure through the Russo-Japanese battle to its maximum try out through the nice Patriotic warfare 1941-45. all through this examine, the continuity among Russian and Soviet army psychiatry could be emphasized. for instance, psychiatry's materialist university ruled all through this era and that Russia's reputation that psychiatric casualties will take place allowed them to concentration their assets on therapy instead of prevention.
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Extra info for Russian Soviet Military Psychiatry 1904-1945 (Cass Series on the Soviet (Russian) Study of War)
Only the most severe cases remained in Moscow. These cases were divided into two broad groups: traumatic and nontraumatic injuries. These were further subdivided between officers and enlisted men. A total of 1,350 officers and 25,350 soldiers were observed in Moscow and of those, 404 officers and 1,905 enlisted men were diagnosed and treated for nervous disorders. Among the officers, 225 had suffered a traumatic incident while 179 displayed nervous disorders without apparent trauma. 4. More accurate patient histories were produced in Moscow that again brought to light the poor pre-war screening process.
D. O. 25% Source: Ivanov (1970), p. 22 primarily around improving the living conditions of soldiers. These improvements were not solely to provide a better psychological environment for the troops. Rather, the army realized that better sanitary conditions made for physically healthier soldiers, and this happened to correspond to ideas developed in Zemstvo psychiatry that also emphasized concepts such as clean living spaces and nutritious food. N. 8 Food and military supplies would be the fuels to keep the machine moving.
P. Nechalis, chief of the St Petersburg School of Experimental Psychology, and Bekhterev, the experiments of the idealist school were often used to present psychiatric disorders as too complex to be merely attributed to a solidly medical-scientific materialist school of psychiatry. 5 These debates were usually held in universities and research institutes, but for psychiatric casualties in World War I they were largely irrelevant. Practice, not theory, was needed on the battlefield. Without a solid foundation regarding the origin of wartime psychiatric disorders, diagnosis and subsequent treatment would still remain in flux.