By Robert Englebretson
This paintings argues opposed to the lifestyles of complementation in colloquial Indonesian, and discusses the ramifications of those findings for a discourse-functional knowing of grammatical different types and linguistic constitution. according to a detailed research of a corpus of spontaneous conversational Indonesian information, the writer examines 4 development forms which show what's usually encoded by means of enhances in different languages: juxtaposed clauses, fabric brought through the discourse marker bahwa, serial verbs, and epistemic expressions with the suffix -nya. those 4 development varieties provide no facts to aid complementation as a doable grammatical class in colloquial spoken Indonesian. relatively, they're most sensible understood as emergent, discourse-level phenomena, bobbing up from the interactive and communicative targets of language clients. the shortcoming of proof for complementation in colloquial Indonesian reaffirms the necessity to comprehend linguistic constitution as language-particular and numerous, and emphasizes the centrality of learning linguistic different types in response to their real incidence in usual discourse.
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Extra resources for Searching for Structure: The Problem of Complementation in Colloquial Indonesian Conversation (Studies in Discourse and Grammar)
The object is the element of the sentence which is required to be present after a transitive verbal predicate. This object will become the subject if the sentence becomes passive. Verbs like ‘convey information’, ‘be in love with’, ‘take’, and ‘mull over’ require complementation in the form of an object]. (Sugono and Indiyastini 1994: 44; translation mine) Following are two examples of verbs whose complementation is an object. (45) (Sugono and Indiyastini 1994: 44; gloss and translation mine) Aku cuma menyampaikan pesan.
In this view, it is the semantics of the CTP which determines the semantic and syntactic integration of the complement into the matrix clause. g. g. g. ‘think’, ‘know’, ‘say’). On Preliminaries each of these three scales, verbs are ranked according to the conceptualization of their actions as a single spacio-temporal event (at the top of the scale) or as separate events (at the bottom of the scale). Factors leading to this ranking include: the degree of control which the matrix agent exerts over the agent of the complement clause, with high control at the top of the scale and low control at the bottom; epistemicity, with high speaker commitment at the top and low speaker commitment at the bottom; and implicativity, the top of the scale containing verbs which refer to successfully-completed actions, and the bottom of the scale including those verbs which code merely the intended completion of an action.
2 below. (1) (“Pencuri” IU 2824–2825) 2824 ingatkan dari rumah, remember-app from house 2825 jangan bawa duit. ” This example consists of two clauses in series, one clause in each IU. In IU 2824, the speaker instructs her interlocutors to remind her of something before she leaves home, and then in IU 2825, the speaker speciﬁes what it is that she is to be reminded of: ‘don’t bring any money’. The ﬁrst IU sets up a frame: it describes a generic event, a nonspeciﬁc instance of ‘reminding’. the clause in IU 2825 ﬁlls in this frame, specifying exactly what it is the speaker wishes to be reminded of.