Language Grammar

Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language by Claudia Maienborn

By Claudia Maienborn

This guide includes, in 3 volumes, an in-depth presentation of the cutting-edge in linguistic semantics from a large choice of views. It comprises 112 articles written through top students from all over the world. those articles current certain, but available, introductions to key concerns, together with the research of particular semantic different types and buildings, the heritage of semantic examine, theories and theoretical frameworks, method, and relationships with similar fields; additionally, they provide specialist assistance on themes of discussion in the box, at the strengths and weaknesses of present theories, and at the most probably instructions for the longer term improvement of semantic learn. in lots of instances, the articles written for this guide promise to turn into the traditional references at the subject matters they conceal. This paintings will offer a necessary reference for either complicated scholars and researchers in semantics and similar fields inside of linguistics, psychology, philosophy, and different components.

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If one holds that “=” stands for the relation of identity, the sentences (S1) The evening star = the evening star and (S2) The evening star = the morning star. have the same conceptual content CC: CC(S1): = CC(S2): . But although (S1) and (S2) stand for the same complex, they differ in inferential potential. For example, if we combine the truth that (S1) expresses with the truth that the evening star is a planet we can derive nothing new, but if we combine the latter truth we can derive the truth that the morning star is a planet.

Linguistics & Philosophy 3, 143–184. Nunberg, Geoffrey 1995. Transfers of meaning. Journal of Semantics 12, 109–132. Origgi, Gloria & Dan Sperber 2000. Evolution, communication and the proper function of language. In: P. Carruthers & A. ). Evolution and the Human Mind: Language, Modularity and Social Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 140–169. Parsons, Terence 1980. Nonexistent Objects. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 3. (Frege on) Sense and reference 25 Quine, Willard van Orman 1948.

What is said”) by the utterance, and (iii) the implicit content of the utterance (its conversational implicatures). , the fact that a speech act is an assertion). Restricting itself to the descriptive dimension of meaning, the rest of this section discusses the emergence of a new truth-conditional pragmatic approach, whose core thesis is that what is said (not just the conversational implicatures of an utterance) depends on the speaker’s meaning. By further extending the inferentialist model of communication, this pragmatic approach to what is said contravenes two deeply entrenched principles in the philosophy of language: literalism and minimalism.

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