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Superphenix: Technical and Scientific Achievements by Joël Guidez, Gérard Prêle

By Joël Guidez, Gérard Prêle

For the 1st time a ebook has been written at the technological and clinical wisdom, bought in the course of, buiding , operation or even dismantling of the Superphenix plant. This reactor continues to be this present day the main robust sodium quickly breeder reactor operated within the world.(1200 MWe). The final quick breeder reactor operated on the earth is BN 800 in Russia that reached his nominal strength (800 MWe) in 2016.

Joel Guidez all started his occupation within the box of sodium-cooled quickly reactors after leaving Ecole Centrale-Paris, in 1973. He has held a variety of positions at Cadarache, Phenix and Superphenix, together with because the head of the thermal hydraulic laboratory carrying out assessments for Phenix, Superphenix and the EFR eu quick Reactor undertaking. He used to be additionally head of the OSIRIS examine reactor, situated at SACLAY, and of the HFR ecu fee reactor, situated within the Netherlands and spent years as nuclear connecté on the French embassy in Berlin. His 2012 e-book “Phenix: the event suggestions” was once translated into English and republished in 2013, and this new ebook on Superphenix is within the related spirit of thematic research of a reactor adventure feedback.

Gérard Prêle graduated from the Ecole Centrale-Lyon and entered EDF and the sphere of sodium-cooled speedy reactors in 1983. In 1985 he joined Superphenix, the place he was once an obligation engineer and was once later answerable for safeguard. He has held quite a few positions at Superphenix and Phenix and was once a quick neutron reactor (SFR) engineer on the EDF Centre Lyonnais d’Ingénierie (CLI). He labored as security protection setting and Radiation safeguard challenge head in Superphenix in the beginning of dismantling after which within the box of PWR for 2 years. in view that 2006 he has been fascinated by the Gen IV and the SFR/Astrid tasks. this present day, as an SFR/system and operations professional, considered one of his significant roles is aiding the CEA within the initial layout of the ASTRID reactor.

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Extra resources for Superphenix: Technical and Scientific Achievements

Example text

The first ones include in particular a cold trap in which the sodium is cooled and the impurities (mainly sodium oxides and hydrides) deposit and get fixed on a stainless steel wool filter. The clad failure detection modules (DRG) sample sodium in the hot pool. They analyse the presence of delayed neutrons emitted by the fission products conveyed by the sodium in case of clad failure. The faulty sub-assembly location is achieved by the fuel clad failure location modules (LRG), located in the core cover plug and sampling sodium at the fuel sub-assembly outlet.

Reminder of the Contamination Sources . . . . . . Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sodium Activation. . . . . . . . . . . . Activation of Impurities Contained in the Sodium . Structure Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . Activation Products Present in the Core Cover Gas . The Gaseous Releases . . . . . . . . . . . . The Case of Tritium. . . . . . . . . . . . . Source Calculation. . . . . . . . . . . . Tritium Behaviour in the Circuits .

Operating Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . Encountered Difficulties . . . . . . . . . . . Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Incident of the Storage Drum Leak and Change of the Handling Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Incident Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . Switching to an in-Gas Handling. . . . . . . . Transfer Time Maximum Durations . . . . . . . Other Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . .

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