By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra info for Taxing Wages 2001-2002
8 The tax rates correspond to the “total tax wedge”: income taxes plus employee and employer social security contributions (and payroll taxes) minus cash transfers, expressed as a percentage of labour costs (gross wage earnings plus employer social security contributions). 7. 9 The tax rates correspond to the “total tax wedge”: income taxes plus employee and employer social security contributions (and payroll taxes) minus cash transfers, expressed as a percentage of labour costs (gross wage earnings plus employer social security contributions).
Pays classés par ordre décroissant de l’impôt sur le revenu. 2. Célibataires au niveau de revenu égal au salaire de l’ouvrier moyen. Source : OCDE. 2. Impôt sur le revenu et cotisations des salariés diminués des prestations versées, par catégorie de famille (en % du salaire brut), 20021, 2 Couple marié disposant d’un salaire unique et ayant 2 enfants Célibataire sans enfant Danemark Belgique Allemagne Finlande Pologne Suède Turquie Hongrie Norvège Pays-Bas Autriche Italie France Canada États-Unis République tchèque Australie Royaume-Uni Luxembourg Islande Suisse Nouvelle-Zélande République slovaque Espagne Grèce Portugal Irlande Japon Corée Mexique % 46 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1.
Some countries prefer the family to the individual as the tax unit, other countries have opted to use tax allowances and credits, while still others favour cash transfers. Many countries use a combination of these various instruments. Finally, countries vary widely in their targeting of financial support to families, which has significant consequences for marginal effective tax rates on labour. NOTES 1. Of course, families can also be expected to produce benefits for the earners. 2. In Belgium and Portugal, such couples actually pay slightly more tax than if they were single, because the amount of the basic tax credit is less for married people than for singles.