Language Grammar

The Acquisition of Diminutives: A Cross-Linguistic by Ineta Savickienė, Wolfgang U. Dressler

By Ineta Savickienė, Wolfgang U. Dressler

This cross-linguistic quantity innovates examine of the purchase of diminutives within the inflecting-fusional languages Lithuanian, Russian, Croatian, Greek, Italian, Spanish, German and Dutch, the agglutinating languages Turkish, Hungarian and Finnish and within the introflecting Hebrew. those languages range in a number of points correct for the purchase of diminutives and the advance of pragmatics in early baby language. Diminutive formation usually has a tendency to be the 1st development of be aware formation to emerge. the most cause of this turns out to lie within the pragmatic features of endearment, empathy, and sympathy, which make diminutives rather applicable for child-centred communique. a primary subject of this publication is the relation of emergence and early improvement among diminutives and different different types of be aware formation and inflection. The larger measure of morphological productiveness and transparency, in addition to phonological saliency, favors using diminutives. thus diminutives may well facilitate the purchase of inflection.

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This brings us again to the non-linguistic question of whether child emotions (at least, some of them) are innate and develop under circumstances or whether they are learned,€maybe together with certain verbal expressions or independently of them. ╇ Diminutives in Russian at the early stages of acquisition Diminutives from different parts of speech It€may be due to the emotional component that other parts of speech also are used in a quasi-diminutive form without any semantic indication of smallness.

2(+P) Masc Cl. 1 (+P) = Masc Cl. 1(+P) sobaka  sobačka ‘dog-Dim’ mjač  mjačik ‘ball-Dim’ zajac  zajčik ‘hare-Dim’ Disadvantage (opaque gender) Masc Cl. 1 (+P)  Masc Cl. 2 (-P) zajac  zajka ‘hare-Dim’ medved’  miška ‘bear-Dim’ Advantage (non-productive  productive) Fem Cl. 3 (–P )  Fem Cl. 2 (+P) myš’  myška ‘mouse-Dim’ dver’  dverca and dverka ‘door-Dim’ In general, Table 2 shows the strengthening of the 2nd declension class as a result of diminutive use. Other informal nouns€may also contribute to the enrichment of the 2nd declension class.

Build house:acc! ’ RŪT: Namuką. house-dim:acc. ’ (1;10) (5) RŪT: Išsimaudė veidą. bathed face:acc. ╇ Form and meaning of diminutives in Lithuanian child language RŪT: Veiduką. face-dim:acc. ). These diminutive variants are actually used in adult speech, but some of them not very frequently. Note that the common use of a certain diminutive suffix with a given lemma does not block the attachment of an alternative diminutive suffix (no synonymy blocking). , žuvis ‘fish’, bitė ‘bee’, namas ‘house’, kiškis ‘hare’, saldainis ‘sweet’, mašina ‘car’, balionas ‘balloon’.

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