By Jeff Siegel
This e-book offers causes for the emergence of touch languages, in particular pidgins and creoles. It assesses the present country of analysis and examines points of present theories and ways that experience excited a lot controversy and debate. The booklet solutions questions similar to: How legitimate is the concept of a pidgin-creole-postcreole lifestyles cycle? Why are many good points of pidgins and creoles easy in formal phrases in comparison to different languages? and what's the beginning of the grammatical recommendations in extended pidgins and creoles - linguistic universals, traditional language swap, the impression of positive factors of languages within the touch setting, or a mixture of or extra components? In addressing those concerns, the writer seems at examine on approaches of moment language acquisition and use, together with simplification, overgeneralization, and language move. He exhibits how those procedures can account for lots of of the features of touch languages, and proposes linguistic and sociolinguistic constraints on their program in language touch. His research is supported with designated examples and case stories from Pidgin Fijian, Melanesian Pidgin, Hawai'i Creole, New Caledonian Tayo and Australian Kriol, which he makes use of to boot to evaluate the benefits of competing theories of language genesis. Professor Siegel additionally considers his research's wider implications for linguistic conception.
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Extra resources for The Emergence of Pidgin and Creole Languages (Oxford Linguistics)
2 describes an absolute indicator of formal simplicity that I use for the remainder of this work, but I also continue to make comparisons with the lexiﬁer, as I have done with Pidgin Fijian. 3 Holistic vs modular analyses This brings us to another dimension where there is no agreement—whether such determinations of simplicity are based on the language as a whole or 21 on particular aspects of a language. e. g. ’ In contrast, McWhorter (2001) explicitly attempts to compare whole grammars of creole languages with what he calls ‘older’ languages in terms of simplicity, using a ‘metric of complexity’ based on quantitative criteria.
According to one point of view, these features are the result of a process by which speakers of the lexiﬁer simplify their language in contact situations (for example, by avoiding inﬂectional morphology). This results in simpliﬁed ‘foreigner talk’ registers that are used for wider communication and become the basis for a pre-pidgin or restricted pidgin. This is the ‘altered model theory’ (Siegel 1987: 18–19). The opposing view is that the simple features reﬂect an early stage of language development—speciﬁcally, preliminary versions of the lexiﬁer used 5 Exceptions appear to include Broken Oghibbeway (Nichols 1995) and Yimas Pidgin (Foley 1988), which are restricted in use but do not have absolute morphological simplicity.
Preposition or postposition). This head optionally has a ‘complement’. For example, in the English sentence Miwa read the letter, the verb head (V) read has a complement, the noun phrase (NP) the letter. Together these form a phrase which is labelled V" (V-bar). This phrase could optionally be modiﬁed by a ‘speciﬁer’, such as the adverb quickly, making the complete verb phrase (VP) quickly read the letter. The principle of UG is that in any language, a head category X may have an optional complement.