Language Grammar

The Noblest Animate Motion: Speech, physiology and medicine by Jeffrey Wollock

By Jeffrey Wollock

The physique of concept on speech creation and speech affliction constructed ahead of Descartes has been so missed by means of historians that its very lifestyles is essentially unknown this day. but it presents a framework for knowing the speech strategy which isn't basically complete and coherent, yet of serious relevance to present debates on problems with language functionality and utilized linguistics. present theoretical problems stem principally from preliminary mistakes of Descartes; while previous theoretical formulations, whereas outlining a bio-mechanics of speech, preserve the valuable position of the human agent.
The discussions explicated during this e-book come regularly from the natural-philosophic and clinical literature of Greco-Roman Antiquity, the center a while, and the Renaissance and early seventeenth century. This uncharted territory is mapped through tracing its textual historical past and diffusion in addition to explaining the idea by itself phrases yet in transparent and understandable language. Interdisciplinary in standpoint, the booklet encompasses issues of curiosity not just to the language sciences, but in addition to the biosciences, medication, philosophy of human circulate, psychology and behavioral sciences, neurosciences, speech pathology, experimental phonetics, speech and rhetoric, and the background of technology ordinarily.

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The functions, structures, relations and formal operations characteristic of syntactic-mode language cannot be thought of as forming a coherent system, because they are underlaid and supported by ... more primitive systems These syntactic-mode phenomena do not represent the language as a whole, but rather the tip of the linguistic iceberg ... (118) Syntactic-mode phenomena, which are the ones ... ] system and are fully integrated into it. Linguistic knowledge ... does not form an isolatable module or set of modules separable from the rest of human cognition (119).

15. e. the natural philosopher: quoted in Percival 1987:279). INTRODUCTION 2. XXXV Speech in Natural Philosophy and Medicine Language and speech were also studied under natural philosophy. 16 Historically, it is the art and science of medicine that gave this study much of its impetus. Speech as an object of medical theory is speech considered as an ordered or disordered human action. The peculiar emphasis of medicine is that it considers language in the sense in which it is a natural human function, and secondly, that it focuses heavily on speech disorder.

Several essential problems related to speech belong to natural philosophy. For example: (1) Since the mind must make use of the body to express its thoughts, how do they function together toward this end? (2) What is the principle of animate motion, what is its organ, and what are the steps in the process? (3) Having shown that mental imagery, appetites, animal spirits, corporeal organs, and a distinct motor principle are all necessary for animate motion (and, for voluntary motion in the fullest sense of the word, the action must be guided by the intellect or con­ science), natural philosophy then asks: what is it that motivates this process?

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