Animals

The Origin of Higher Clades by Rui Diogo

By Rui Diogo

Show description

Read or Download The Origin of Higher Clades PDF

Similar animals books

Spiny lobster management

Spiny lobsters are one of the world's most beneficial and hugely prized seafoods, captured and advertised in over ninety nations. call for for spiny lobsters has escalated long ago 20 years, spurring the necessity either for larger administration and for study on which to base that administration. Spiny lobster aquaculture, even if, now seems to be a true threat, a few international locations have already authorized the laws, and it can be just a couple of years prior to this turns into the most important resource.

The House Mouse: Atlas of Embryonic Development

With the arrival of transgenic expertise, which permits the identity of particular gene actions in constructing mammalian organisms, the home mouse has once more taken an important position in experimental learn as one of many genetically top understood mammals. greater than ever, molecular biologists are wanting an in depth, standardized description of the anatomy of the constructing mouse embryo.

Great White Sharks: The Biology of Carcharodon carcharias

Now to be had in paperback, the 1st entire reference on nice White sharks separates truth from fiction and offers genuine facts of the ecology and behaviour of those striking animals. the amount starts off with the evolution of the white shark and its kinfolk and keeps with sections on its anatomy, habit, ecology, distribution, inhabitants dynamics, and interactions with people.

Sensory Physiology of Aquatic Lower Vertebrates. Satellite Symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Keszthely, Hungary, 1980

Advances in Physiological Sciences, quantity 31: Sensory body structure of Aquatic decrease Vertebrates covers the lawsuits of the symposia of the twenty eighth foreign Congress of body structure. The booklet provides 17 papers that element increase findings within the sensory body structure of aquatic reduce vertebrates. The assurance of the textual content contains electroreceptors in Indian catfish teleosts; electroreceptive microampulla within the African mudfish Clarias lazera; and species specificity of electrical organ discharges in a sympatric team of gymnotoid fish from Manaus.

Extra resources for The Origin of Higher Clades

Sample text

First of all, it is important to note that although the majority (73) of these 80 terminal taxa concern extant groups, some of them (7) concern fossils;  roughly, it can be said that for every 10 extant terminal taxa included in the analysis, one fossil terminal taxon was included. The main reason for using more extant taxa is that, as mentioned above, a great number of the phylogenetic characters used in the analysis refer to the configuration of muscles, cartilage and ligaments. Thus, the seven fossil taxa that were used, † Chanoides macropoma, † Clupavus maroccanus, † Santanichthys diasii, †Lusitanichthys characiformis, †Sorbininardus apuliensis, †Tiktaalik roseae and †Acanthostega gunnari, were chosen for a precise reason.

Conger conger: MNCN 1530, 5 (alc). Eurypharynx pelecanoides: AMNH 44315, 1 (alc); AMNH 44344, 1 (alc). Megalops cyprinoides: MNCN 48858, 3 (alc). Notacanthus bonaparte: MNCN 107324, 3 (alc). Osteoglossomorphs: Hiodon tergisus: MNCN 36019, 3 (alc). Mormyrus niloticus: LFEM, 1 (alc). Mormyrus tapirus: MNCN 80593, 3 (alc); MNCN 85283, 1 (alc). Pantodon buchholzi: MNCN 73493, 4 (alc). Xenomystus nigri: MNCN 227824, 25 (alc). Clupeomorphs: Denticeps clupeoides: MRAC 76-032-P-1, 2 (alc). Engraulis encrasicolus: MNCN 68048, 2 (alc); MNCN 65097, 8 (alc); MNCN 1099, 3 (alc).

2. ’ respectively (for more details, see text). (Characters 121 to 240) ! ) " Contd. Table 1 Data matrix of the 356 characters included in the cladistic analysis. 2. ’ respectively (for more details, see text). ) $ % SARCOPTERYGII ACTINISTIA DIPNOI TIKTAALIK ROSEAE ACANTHOSTEGA GUNNARI ACTINOPTERYGII AMPHIBIA AMNIOTA TETRAPODA CLADISTIA CHONDROSTEI GINGLYMODI HALECOMORPHI ELOPIFORMES ALBULIFORMES NOTACANTHIFORMES ELOPOMORPHA ANGUILLIFORMES ACTINOPTERI SACCOPHARYNGIFORMES NEOPTERYGII HIODONTIFORMES OSTEOGLOSSOMORPHA OSTEOGLOSSIFORMES ALEPOCEPHALOIDEA ARGENTINIFORMES ARGENTINOIDEA HALECOSTOMI ESOCIFORMES GALAXIOIDEA OSMERIFORMES OSMEROIDEA SALMO TELEOSTEI COREGONUS SALMONIFORMES THYMALLUS AULOPIFORMES NEOTELEOSTEI STOMIIFORMES CLUPEOMORPHA CLUPEOCEPHALA GONORYNCHIFORMES SORBININARDUS APULIENSIS CLUPAVUS MAROCCANUS EUTELEOSTEI SANTANICHTHYS DIASII OTOCEPHALA CHANOIDES MACROPOMA LUSITANICHTHYS CHARACIFORMIS OSTARIOPHYSI EXTANT OTOPHYSI CYPRINIFORMES CHARACIFORMES GYMNOTIFORMES SILURIFORMES Figure 4 Relationships among the major osteichthyan groups examined, derived from the “majority fools” tree obtained in the cladistic analysis of Chapter 3 (see Fig.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.51 of 5 – based on 23 votes