History

The Ottoman World by Christine Woodhead

By Christine Woodhead

The Ottoman empire as a political entity comprised many of the current heart East (with the valuable exception of Iran), north Africa and south-eastern Europe. For over 500 years, till its disintegration in the course of global warfare I, it encompassed a various variety of ethnic, non secular and linguistic groups with various political and cultural backgrounds.

Yet, used to be there the sort of factor as an ‘Ottoman global’ past the main of sultanic rule from Istanbul? Ottoman authority could have been demonstrated principally through army conquest, yet how was once it maintained for thus lengthy, over such distances and such a lot of disparate societies? How did provincial areas relate to the imperial centre and what position was once performed during this by way of neighborhood elites? What did it suggest in perform, for usual humans, to be a part of an ‘Ottoman world’?

Arranged in 5 thematic sections, with contributions from thirty professional historians, The Ottoman World addresses those questions, reading points of the social and socio-ideological composition of this significant pre-modern empire, and gives a mix of large synthesis and targeted research that's either informative and meant to elevate issues for destiny debate. The Ottoman World offers a distinct assurance of the Ottoman empire, widening its scope past Istanbul to the sides of the empire, and provides key insurance for college kids and students alike.

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Abou-el-Haj . Orhonlu : –. Ahmet Refik a: , , documents , . Orhonlu : –. Khoury : ; Masters : . Ahmet Refik a: . On life-long leases, see chapter , by Ariel Salzmann, in this volume. Orhonlu : . Gould : –. Fraser : I, –, , . Von Möltke : –. Marufog˘lu: : . Cevdet Pas¸a : –. In Kavanin ve nizamat mecmuası, cited in Marufog˘lu : . Marufog˘lu : . : –. BOA-MV (Bas¸bakanlık Osmanlı Ars¸ivi, Meclis-i Vükela Mazbataları) /, / (, Za ).

Inalcık : ; Sümer –: . Ze’evi : ; Singer : . Inalcık : . –; Güçer : –; Orhonlu : –,  n. . Ahmet Refik a; Inalcık ; Çetintürk . Gökbilgin . Barkan –, Part II: , ; Adanır : . Ze’evi : –. Murphey : , . Barkan : . Braudel : I, . Barkan –, Part II: . ; Gökçen . Planhol : ; cf. Inalcık : . Two crucial sources for the early policies of sedentarization are Ahmet Refik a and Orhonlu .

The whole price regime to its very foundation has been fundamentally altered, changed and corrupted such that at present virtually no one applies the customary standards observed of old for determining prices. 15 Strongly worded statements of regulatory intent such as those preserved in the documents of  and  demonstrate Ottoman resolve to achieve consistency in the enforcement of codes and regulations promulgated by the imperial authority. While such proclamations cannot serve as proof of Ottoman success in their stated objective of full regulatory control over urban markets, they provide at least strong evidence of the firmness of their legislative intent.

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